Heinz Faulstich

Contents

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Amatoxins

3.2.1 Mushrooms Producing Amatoxins

3.2.2 Chemistry and Action

3.2.3 Symptoms

3.2.4 Treatment

3.2.5 Detection of Amatoxins

3.2.6 Other Toxins in Amanita Mushrooms

3.3 Orellanine

3.3.1 Mushrooms Producing Orellanine

3.3.2 Chemistry and Action

3.3.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.3.4 Detection

3.4 Gyrometrin

3.4.1 Mushrooms Producing Gyrometrin

3.4.2 Chemistry and Action

3.4.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.4.4 Detection

3.5 Coprin

3.5.1 Mushrooms Producing Coprine

3.5.2 Chemistry and Action

3.5.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.6 Psilocybin, Psilocin

3.6.1 Mushrooms Producing Psilocybin and Psilocin

3.6.2 Chemistry and Action

3.6.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.6.4 Detection

3.7 Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol

3.7.1 Mushrooms Producing Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol

3.7.2 Chemistry and Action

3.7.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.7.4 Detection

3.8 Muscarine

3.8.1 Mushrooms Producing Muscarine

3.8.2 Chemistry and Action

3.8.3 Symptoms and Treatment

3.8.4 Detection

3.9 Mushrooms Causing Gastrointestinal Disorders

3.9.1 Chlorophyllum molybditis

3.9.2 Entoloma sinuatum (or lividum)

3.9.3 Tricholoma perdidum

3.9.4 Agaricus xanthodermus

3.9.5 Omphalotus olearius (or illudens)

3.9.6 Lactarius helvus

3.9.7 Ramaria (or Clavaria) pallida

3.9.8 Boletus calopus, B. santanas

3.9.9 Paxillus involutus

3.10 Conclusion

3.11 References

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