Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy HPOA

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This can lead to quite rapid onset of pain that usually affects hands, wrists, and ankles but also occasionally the elbows and knees. Typically the area around the nail bed becomes swollen, giving the fingers a drumstick appearance, a finding called clubbing. The pain may be described as deep and burning, and there may be associated sweating in the hands and feet. The affected areas are mildly swollen, warm, and dusky red. A careful examination may show that the swelling extends beyond the joint margins and that the ends of the long bones are exquisitely tender.

HPOA is most frequently caused by lung cancer and may present some months before the cancer becomes apparent. other tumors in the chest region, both benign and malignant, can cause it as can chronic infections of the lung and heart valves. occasionally inflammatory conditions affecting the liver or bowel are the cause. The diagnosis is usually made on the characteristic findings on X ray of lifting of the outer layer of the affected bones, termed periostitis. The ESR is raised, but if fluid is removed from a joint the appearances are not inflammatory.

Successful treatment of the underlying cause results in prompt improvement in HPOA. Painkillers and NSAIDs are helpful. The outcome depends on whether the underlying cause is treatable.

hypnosis During hypnosis the subject passes into a trance. This is an altered state of consciousness in which the subject's attention is intensely focused while attention to other stimuli is reduced. It is not a deep sleep or unconsciousness. The subject is awake and can respond to the therapist. Perception, memory, behavior, and suggestibility are altered. In therapy the increased suggestibility can be used to influence behavior and feelings. Hypnotherapists claim benefit in chronic pain and chronic fatigue syndrome among many other medical and psychological problems. About 85 percent of the population are hypnotizable. A typical therapeutic hypnosis session will go through six stages:

1. An introduction explaining what hypnosis is and is not and answering the patient's questions and concerns

2. Induction

3. Deepening of the trance using two or three deepening techniques

4. The therapeutic work, which may include ego strengthening, addressing a specific problem, and suggestions for behaviors following the hypnosis (posthypnotic suggestion)

5. Dehypnotizing

6. Debriefing

Hypnosis should not be performed on people with psychoses, severe depression, drug abuse, if the subject is opposed to it (for example on religious grounds), or if the problem being addressed is beyond the therapist's competence.

hypophosphatemic rickets An inherited condition in which the kidneys do not reabsorb phosphate normally, resulting in an excessive loss in the urine. This leads to a condition similar to rickets but does not respond to vitamin D (as rickets would). Patients are usually short with poor teeth development and as adults develop osteomalacia (weak bones). Hypophosphatemic rickets is one of the causes of cPPD and also results in calcification of ligaments and new bone formation around joints. Both calcium and phosphate levels in the blood are low, and urinary phosphate levels are inappropriately high. Treatment is with large amounts of phosphate by mouth together with an activated form of vitamin D.

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Hypnotherapy Health

Hypnotherapy Health

Learning About Hypnotherapy Health Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life And Success. How To Use Audio Hypnotherapy To Improve Your Life And Make Money. Now, a lot more people practice self hypnosis in the comfort of their own homes. While this may be done, it's best to do it one has knowledge or background on the practice.

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