Epicondylitis tennis elbow golfers elbow

The bony prominences on the inner and outer side of the elbow are known as the epicondyles. They are the lower part of the humerus (upper arm bone) and form the attachment of muscles that move the wrist. Muscles that move the hand away from the palm (as in a backhand stroke in tennis) attach to the outer or lateral epicondyle. Those that move the hand in the palmar direction (as in a forehand stroke) attach to the inner or medial epicondyle. When these attachments become inflamed, the condition...

Plasmapheresis therapeutic plasma exchange

Removal and replacement of a patient's plasma in order to remove large molecules such as antibodies and other proteins. The rationale for plasmaphere-sis is simple if a disease is caused by antibodies, removing them should improve the disease. Plasmapheresis is performed by drawing blood out of a vein and passing it into a centrifuge that separates cells from plasma. The patient's plasma is removed and replaced with saline and albumin or plasma from the blood bank. The reconstituted blood is...