Plastic Surgery Simulator

Plastic Surgery Simulator

Kaeria Eurl is a multimedia company involved with high tech websites and software creations. It was founded almost a decade and a half ago and it is located in Saint-Germain Paris in France. They are creative and competent in the work that they undertake. This qualifies them as trustworthy and a dynamic company. The plastic surgery simulator for windows is a simple but powerful application that will allow you to modify photos to simulate plastic surgery results on anyone's face and body. As a specific purpose software, a custom and convenient interface were developed more suited for virtual plastic surgery. This would enable you to view the possible outcome of the real surgery. The product comes in the format of an application software that has to be installed in your device. The intended party to use the said software must be adults according to the applicable legislation. Minors may only use this software application only with the assistance of a parent or a guardian. For you to use the application software, you should have editorial skills and a bit of drawing. This is one of the reasons it is limited to adults only and not persons under the age of thirteen.

Plastic Surgery Simulator Summary

Rating:

4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Software
Creator: Kaeria EURL

My Plastic Surgery Simulator Review

Highly Recommended

Some users might complain that the default interface is more complicated than it needs to be. If you just panicked grab a quick drink and relax because this baby has a full customizable interface.

However, Plastic Surgery Simulator is a fairly good program considering the standard and depth of the material it provides. In addition to being effective and its great ease of use, this software makes worth every penny of its price.

Download Now

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery

Do you have an eye for beauty Those trained in oculoplastics blend ophthalmology and plastic surgery in the treatment of the orbit, lid, nasolacrimal system, brow, and upper face. Oculoplastic surgeons remove the eye in cases of extensive trauma, intractable and severe eye pain, and destruction secondary to neoplastic or inflammatory processes. They reconstruct the orbit, lids, and upper face in cases of tumor, trauma, or other local processes, and perform cosmetic surgeries such as orbital wall decompression. They are also trained in the use of radiation and chemotherapy. Optic nerve fenestration, one of the more interesting procedures, helps young patients suffering from pseudotumor cerebri, a condition in which elevated intracranial pressure (for unclear reasons) causes vision loss. In this fascinating procedure, the oculoplastic surgeon dissects back to the optic nerve, rotates the eye laterally, and, rapidly enough so as to avoid damage due to the lack of blood flow caused by...

The Evolution Of Plastic Surgery

Although most contemporary plastic surgical techniques were developed only within the last 20 years, plastic surgery is actually one of the oldest surgical specialties. Historians believe that the Indian surgeon Sushruta, who took a flap of tissue from the forehead and covered a nasal tip defect, performed the first documented plastic surgery in 600 BC.1 In the fifteenth century, Western plastic surgeons began using surgical techniques to alter the form and function of the human body.2 Tagliacozzi, an Italian plastic surgeon, developed a technique to restore tissue to noses lost in traumatic amputations. Much of the history of contemporary plastic surgery was shaped by war. Early twentieth century plastic surgeons such as Sir Harold Gillies3 and Vilray Blair4 served in World War I and helped develop many of the fundamental techniques and principles still used today. World War II, and the Korean and Vietnam wars later produced great numbers of complex wounds. Advances in critical care...

The Allure Of Plastic Surgery

There are always many more applicants to plastic surgery programs than positions available. What makes plastic surgery so compelling Why would conscientious, idealistic new physicians want to go into a specialty that many associate with vanity Physician-patient relationships in plastic surgery can be quite lengthy and involved. Most plastic surgeons find these relationships in particular to be quite rewarding. For example, in the case of congenital deformities, patients often re Plastic surgery can be physically demanding. The training is intense, especially during the core surgery years, and the clinical component of most categorical plastic surgery programs lasts 6 years. Some operations are lengthy or technically challenging. Most plastic surgeons, including this author, have participated in operations that lasted more than 24 hours. Some have said that microsurgery, in particular, is a young surgeon's sport. Not only can these procedures be long, but the anastomosis of small...

Pediatric Plastic Surgery

Pediatric plastic surgeons address the specialized plastic surgical needs of children, analogous to the way in which pediatric general surgeons address the general surgical needs of children. Conditions treated by pediatric plastic surgeons include craniofacial anomalies (if they have also pursued craniofacial training), cleft lip and palate, velopharyngeal insufficiency (nasal speech), separation of conjoined twins, congenital anomalies affecting the face, hands and upper extremities, trunk, and chest wall, and vascular anomalies including hemangiomas and vascular malformations. In addition, pediatric plastic surgery encompasses pediatric burn reconstruction, soft tissue tumors, and traumatic reconstruction, particularly of the face, hands and lower extremity. There are few fellowships available, most of which last 12 to 18 months.

Why Consider A Career In Plastic Surgery

The future looks very bright for plastic surgery. On a practical level, this is a field in which it would be nearly impossible to replace physicians with physician assistants and specialty trained registered nurses (as has already happened in many specialties). Similarly, the physical defects that plastic surgeons repair are caused by problems that will continue to be major public health concerns for centuries, including cancer, trauma, burns, and congenital defects. And as long as people have mirrors, the obsession with youthfulness will ensure that there will always be a demand for aesthetic surgery. On a more cerebral level, the field of plastic surgery offers a variety of clinical problems, many of which have excellent solutions. Others remain unsolved. Just as there is always something that can be done for plastic surgery patients, so too is there room for young plastic surgeons to make valuable contributions to

Plastic Surgery

It takes a lot of preparation and achievement to match into plastic surgery the most competitive specialty among all areas of medicine. Hundreds of impressive candidates are seeking one of the few spots in the integrated, or categorical, plastic surgery programs (5 to 6 years long). During the preclinical years, students should link up with an academic plastic surgeon and find out more about what the specialty involves. Hang out in the clinic and operating room to gain more exposure. Immerse yourself in extracurricular activities and outside interests. Program directors look for students who are great at what they are expected to do, but the candidate with outstanding unexpected achievement is looked upon very highly (e.g., organizing a mission to an underserved area, training for the Olympics, writing a book). Almost all selection committees look for achievement in clinical research (and most expect it), so make sure to plan some kind of plastic surgery project and get yourself a...

Orthoplastic Surgery

Orthoplastic surgery as we define it is the principles and practices of both specialties orthopaedic and plastic surgery applied to a clinical problem, either by a single provider, or teams of providers working in concert for the benefit of the patient. 5,6,7 have all become subspecialties of plastic surgery. Similarly, orthopaedic specialization has stimulated the development of separate societies concentrating on pediatric orthopaedics, trauma, musculoskeletal oncology, and hand surgery. Orthopaedics is a specialty that mainly concentrates on functional biomechanics, bone, and joints. Plastic surgery is a specialty that concentrates on aesthetics, form, and soft tissue reconstruction. The blending of these two specialties, orthoplastic surgery, simultaneously applies the principles and practices of both specialties to clinical problems.

The Hohenfeldian cluster

Tax on income of the whole population. Decisions have to be made about what sorts of treatments can validly be offered and funded within such a health service (and by extension what sorts of research projects), and which treatments should be paid for at the point of delivery. Artificial reproduction is one such area another is the operation to change one's sex another, the removal of tattoos another, some forms of plastic surgery. As skills to alter or restore the human condition proliferate, so does this list of treatments which are not related to saving lives but are related to well-being. The relevant question seems to be whether the conditions which give rise to the search for treatment, such as childlessness, discomfort with one's gender, or being ugly or unsightly in one's own eyes, can really be called disease or illness. But since there is so much disagreement over whether they are diseases or not, identifying that as the question does not help very much. It is easier to work...

Sir Harold Gillies i882i960

It is terrifying to think what will happen when the mystery of organ transference has been solved it can be as revolutionary as the cleaving of the atom. Anybody would be able to go into his local organ bank and, for a not insurmountable sum, trade in a weak heart or a feeble brain for a better one, or a cirrhotic liver for a healthier one. In Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery with Ralph Millard In Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery with Ralph Millard Vol. i, Ch. 2 (i957) In Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery with Ralph Millard Vol. i, Ch. 4 (i957) In Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery with Ralph Millard Vol. II, Ch. 20 (i957)

About The Contributors

Danagra Georgia Ikossi is a resident in general surgery at Stanford University Medical Center. After growing up both here and in Cyprus, she earned her undergraduate degree from Bates College. Her husband, Dr. Jonathan Long Le, is a resident in plastic surgery at the University of California San Francisco. He was raised in Virginia and attended the College of William and Mary. They met while attending medical school at the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC. They can be reached by e-mail at ikossile aol.com.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia And Ambiguous Genitalia

The cells of the adrenal cortex (a part of your adrenal gland) also produce low levels of both estrogen and testosterone. Sometimes as a consequence of overactivity of the adrenal gland during development or of a defect in hormone synthesis, high levels of either estrogen or testosterone can be produced by the adrenal cortex. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is not an inter-sex condition for males, but it is for females. Thus a developing female fetus could be exposed to high levels of both testosterone (from the adrenal cortex) and estrogen (from the ovaries). The result is a mixture or confusion of developmental processes, resulting in a newborn whose genitals seem to be a little of both, or in some cases may even appear to be clearly male. These cases of ambiguous genitalia are quite disturbing to some parents and physicians, who may rapidly push to make the child's situation unambiguous at a very early age, before the child begins experiencing a wide array of sex-specific social...

Facial Plastics Reconstructive Surgery

The surgical subspecialty of cosmetic and reconstructive facial plastic surgery has naturally evolved to become a major part of otolaryngology. This is simply because all of the surgical skills acquired during residency training involve operating safely and efficiently on the face and head and neck. Because the majority of facial plastics procedures are elective, avoiding complications and maintaining function while achieving optimal cosmetic outcomes are crucial. Aside from focused training in facial plastics during residency, cases in the other areas of oto-laryngology provide additional, concentrated surgical experience in and around the anatomy of the face, especially with regard to preserving the facial nerve and its branches and assessing and restoring nasal function.

Experimental Facial Allograft Transplantations

The full-facial allograft transplantation model across a major histocompatibility barrier. Preoperative views of the donor rat showing markings of the facial skin flap, the dorsal surface a and the ventral surface b. Preoperative views of the recipient rat showing markings of the skin to be excised before the donor facial skin transplant inset, the dorsal surface c and the ventral surface d. (Reprinted from Siemionow MZ, Agaoglu G. Allotransplantation of the Face How Close Are We Clinics in Plastic Surgery, Volume 32 (in press). Copyright 2005, with permission from Elsevier.) Figure 10-1. The full-facial allograft transplantation model across a major histocompatibility barrier. Preoperative views of the donor rat showing markings of the facial skin flap, the dorsal surface a and the ventral surface b. Preoperative views of the recipient rat showing markings of the skin to be excised before the donor facial skin transplant inset, the dorsal surface c and the ventral...

Immunosuppressive Strategies in Composite Tissue Allograft Transplants

C) Elevation of the flap showing arterial network of the flap. 1) The common carotid artery. 2) The external carotid artery. 3) The superficial temporal artery. 4) The facial artery. 5) The lower border of mandible. (Reprinted from Siemionow MZ, Agaoglu G. Allotransplantation of the Face How Close Are We Clinics in Plastic Surgery, Volume 32 (in press). Copyright 2005, with permission from Elsevier.)

Cosmetic Genital Surgery

Recently, a different rationale for female genital surgeries has begun to emerge. Triggered by standards of genital beauty established by the pornographic industry, fearing the aging of genitalia, and seeking the ultimate orgasm, women are both demanding and being tempted to undergo surgical alterations for cosmetic reasons (90,91). This practice seems to have escaped the scholarly literature, although the medical establishment has begun to enjoy its financial benefits. As documented in the popular press, genital plastic surgery appears as a growth area within the field of cosmetic surgery (92). Procedures once aimed at therapeutic interventions to correct incontinence, congenital malformations, and injuries sustained during childbirth are now sold as elements in the architectural redesigning of the vulva (93). The old procedures now carry new names, such as elective vaginal enhancement, vaginal rejuvenation, female genital aesthetics, vaginoplasty (tightening of the vagina),...

Lifestyle Considerations And Practice Options

Plastic surgeons generally practice in one of two environments academia or private practice. Some practices consist of a mixture of the two. Academic plastic surgeons are based in large tertiary care centers. Private practice plastic surgeons may have affiliations with larger hospitals, and they also may treat patients in a number of smaller venues as well. Academic plastic surgeons have usually completed a fellowship in a subspecialty, whereas private practice surgeons may or may not have pursued additional formal training within plastic surgery. Financial opportunities can be substantially greater in private practice. Regardless of type of practice, plastic surgeons are almost always among the highest-paid physicians (along with neurosurgeons and cardiothoracic surgeons).

Microvascular Surgery

The microsurgical revolution occurred in the 1970s and 1980s. Demand for surgeons who have completed microvascular fellowships remains high, although not as high as during the past 20 years. Many plastic surgery programs provide extensive microvascular experience, and many plastic surgeons find that they are able to perform the more routine free tissue transfers, like TRAM flaps, without the need for further training. However, for complex reconstructive problems, especially those involving the head and neck and lower extremity, advanced mi-crovascular training is valuable.

About The Contributor

Gregory Borschel is a resident in plastic surgery at the University of Michigan Hospitals. After growing up in Indianapolis, he completed his undergraduate education at Emory University and attended medical school at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Upon completion of his residency, Dr. Borschel plans to pursue additional fellowship training. His research interests include tissue engineering of peripheral nerve, skeletal and cardiac muscle, and arterial conduits, as well as clinical research. Outside of the hospital, he enjoys marathon running, scuba diving, and traveling with his wife, Tina. He can be reached by e-mail at borschel umich.edu.

Being A Consultant Physician

It is important to understand what it means to work behind the scenes as a technical consultant. Radiologists often contribute to the diagnosis and management of disease without ever meeting or examining the patient. Except among physicians, their role is one of relative anonymity. In the days after President Ronald Reagan was shot, for example, little attention was paid to the physicians who provided his anesthetic care, the clinicians that appropriately managed his antimicrobial therapy, or the radiologist that helped to locate the bullet. A great deal of press, however, was given to the surgeon displaying the bullet fragment he had removed from the President's chest. Although Radiology may lack the glamour of plastic surgery, the drama of emergency medicine, and the personal bonding of family practice, it is a field in which the rewards come from your daily challenges and accomplishments.

Stem and Progenitor Cells in Tissue Engineering

Endothelial progenitor cell therapy and therapeutic vasculogenesis have various implications for plastic surgery. Recently, endothelial progenitor cell transplantation has been used to increase neovascularization in the problem areas.94 After injection into the systemic circulation, endothelial progenitor cells reportedly selectively localized to the ischemic tissues thus, these endothelial progenitor cells may be important in salvaging ischemic aps. Therefore, therapeutic vasculogenesis has the potential to improve ap survival, improve wound healing, accelerate tissue expansion, and facilitate tissue engineering. Endothelial stem and progenitor cells may be useful for treating complicated wounds, such as those in patients with diabetes or from burns, replacing cells rather than growth factors alone.

Perioral Rejuvenation

Gull Wing Lip Lift

The gull-wing excision at the base of the nose to shorten the upper lip and lip-lift procedure by direct excision of skin above the vermilion-cutaneous junction. (Reprinted from Plastic Surgery 2 e, Mathes SJ, chapter Face Lift (Lower Face) Current Techniques by Fardo D, Zins JE, Nahai F, 2005 Elsevier Inc. With permission from Elsevier.) Figure 9-3. The gull-wing excision at the base of the nose to shorten the upper lip and lip-lift procedure by direct excision of skin above the vermilion-cutaneous junction. (Reprinted from Plastic Surgery 2 e, Mathes SJ, chapter Face Lift (Lower Face) Current Techniques by Fardo D, Zins JE, Nahai F, 2005 Elsevier Inc. With permission from Elsevier.) Figure 9-4. a) Corner of the lip lift performed by marking the commissure. b) Drawing a line from the commissure 11 mm long medially along the vermilion-cutaneous junction and drawing a second line from A laterally toward the top of the ear. These lines create a triangle with the apex of the...

Decompressing Nerves to Treat Symptomatic Neuropathy

Nestin Cre Mice

The hypothesis that the symptoms of neuropathy could be treated by decompressing a peripheral nerve was offered in 19887 and supported in a diabetic rat model in 1991s and 1994.9 This hypothesis was confirmed by a separate team in 2003 in the rat model and included the finding that intraneural neurolysis was of added value in improving gait.10 The hypothesis was confirmed yet again in 2005 in the same model, but this time findings included information specifically on the common peroneal nerve and the gastrocnemius muscle.11 The first clinical report of the application of these concepts to patients with symptomatic diabetic neuropathy was in 1992,12 and this application has been confirmed by groups from general surgery in 1995,13 plastic surgery in 20001415 and 2001,16 podiatric foot and ankle surgery in 2003,17 orthopedic foot and ankle surgery in 2004,18 and neurosurgery in 2004.19

Officebased Ap With Tumescent Anesthesia

Tumescent Anesthesia

Although there are reports of death and serious complications with tumescent anesthesia, these have largely been found in the plastic surgery literature.36 Complications are described when tumescent anesthesia is used in conjunction with intravenous sedation, and or general anesthesia.37 Coldiron et al. recently studied State of Florida data over a four-year period to help clarify actual adverse events occurring in the office setting. There were 77 events reported to the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (ACHA) from March 1, 2000, to March 1, 2004. Liposuction performed under general anesthesia was the most frequent procedure reported. Five reported deaths and 14 transfer incidents occurred as a complication of liposuction (with or without another associated procedure) under general anesthesia or deep sedation. According to the Florida data, there

Metabolic toxicity 311

Lipoatrophy is the loss of subcutaneous fat from the face and or upper arms. This condition has proved very disturbing for many people, who appear wasted as a result. Some studies have linked this condition to d4T and other NRTIs and protease inhibitors. Other factors that may be associated with this condition are sex, age, insulin resistance, smoking, viral load, and CD4 nadir. Some HIV-positive individuals have had plastic surgery for facial implants to restore shape to the face. Some researchers believe that protease inhibitors cause the condition.

Correcting Lipodystrophy in Hivaids Patients

Just as bariatric surgery has increased the number of patients seeking plastic surgery after massive weight loss, successful treatment of patients with HIV AIDS has increased the number of requests for surgery in this patient population.77,78 Highly aggressive antiretroviral therapy is prolonging remissions in these patients but has also led to a clear lipodystrophy syndrome characterized by central obesity and peripheral soft tissue atrophy.

Acknowlegdements

I am also deeply grateful to Johan Van Cleynen-breugel (Medical Image Computing, ESAT PSI, University of Leuven) for his support. I further wish to thank Professor Albert De Mey (Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Brugmann and Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Brussels) and Professor Chantal Malevez (Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Queen Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Brussels) for their continuous support. I am very grateful to Professor Henning Schliephake (Department of OMF Surgery, Georg-August University, G ttingen), Dr. Peter Brachvogel (Department of OMF Surgery, Hannover Medical University, Hannover) and Dr. Alex Lemaitre (Facial Plastic Surgery, Private Practice, Brussels) for teaching and sharing their clinical and scientific knowledge with me. I also thank Johannes-Ludwig Berten (Department of Orthodontics, Hannover Medical University, Hannover) for the interesting late evening discussions on craniofacial morphology and problems...

Prognosis

Scars are most common after serious burns and may require years of additional plastic surgery after grafting to release the contractures over joints. Unfortunately, despite modern cosmetic surgical techniques, burn scars are almost always unsightly and the results are almost never as good as the child's pre-burn condition.

Gregory H Borschel

What is plastic surgery Is it Hollywood Is it nose jobs Is it silicone Although many plastic surgeons perform cosmetic surgery on high-profile patients, this specialty involves much more than Hollywood movie stars and breast implants. The word plastic is derived from the Greek plastikos, meaning to shape, change, or mould. As such, the goals of plastic surgery are threefold (1) to alter surgically the form and function of anatomy either normal or pathologic (2) to improve the quality of life and (3) to preserve life itself. Plastic surgery receives all the media attention yet remains poorly understood by the general public and often by physicians as well. In some ways, it may seem to be a paradoxical specialty. Plastic surgery encompasses all of aesthetic surgery, yet it also deals with clinical entities that are often considered grotesque, including chronic wounds, limb replantation, and head and neck reconstruction. It is considered a surgical subspecialty, yet the fund of knowledge...

Burn Surgery

One-year fellowships are available to those seeking advanced training in burn critical care, acute surgery, and burn reconstruction. Plastic surgeons often head burn units in the United States and elsewhere, although general surgeons also play a major role in burn care. Burn surgeons treat patients with thermal injury, chemical injury, and cold-related injury. Plastic surgeons often focus on burn reconstruction rather than acute burn care. The care of these patients can be quite challenging and highly rewarding. Much of burn reconstruction requires bread and butter plastic surgery, such as local flaps, skin grafts, and tissue expansion. However, many cases require multiple stages, strategic planning, and advanced techniques.