About the Multidimensional Anger Inventory

As is the case with all sciences, psychology has been guilty of its share of mistakes. One interesting example of this concerns the emotion of anger. For many years, the common wisdom was that people should express their anger, that it was unhealthy to suppress it. Freud, one of the first proponents of this view, argued that depression is anger turned inward, so clearly, it would be better to express one's anger outward to avoid the negative consequences of repressing it. This belief was...

The Selfesteem Rating Scale

This questionnaire is designed to measure how you feel about yourself. It is not a test, so there are no right or wrong answers. Please answer each item as carefully and accurately as you can by placing a number by each one as follows 1. I feel that people would not like me if they really knew me well. 2. I feel that others do things much better than I do. 3. I feel that I am an attractive person. 4. I feel confident in my ability to deal with other people. 5. I feel that I am likely to fail at...

About the Four Systems Anxiety Questionnaire

Psychologists have known for several decades that anxiety is a multifaceted concept. While all of us would acknowledge having experienced anxiety, the reality is that our experience of feeling anxious is probably quite different from how others experience this emotion. Nearly thirty years ago, psychologist Peter Lang proposed three ways in which anxiety can be experienced. The first can be called the cognitive component what people say to themselves or what they report to others. A man with a...

About the Friendliness Scale

Psychologist John Reisman was motivated to construct his test because he conceptualized friendliness slightly differently from the authors of other, similar tests. Reisman argued that existing definitions of this trait were virtually indistinguishable from other personality characteristics such as outgoingness or agreeable- ness. He argued that friendliness included four qualities, those represented by the subscales on his test Self-Concept, Accessibility, Rewardingness, and Alienation....

The Four Systems Anxiety Questionnaire

This questionnaire contains sixty items concerning difficulties that most people experience from time to time. Read each item carefully. If you have experienced any of the thoughts, feelings, physical symptoms, or behaviors in the manner indicated by any of the items, respond with Yes. If you have not, respond with a No. Please make sure that none of the items are omitted. Please do not spend too much time on any question. We are interested in your first reaction, not a deeply considered...