Klein agreed with Freud that humans have huĂ­ate drives or instincts, including a death instinct. Drives, of course, must have some object. Thus, the hunger drive has the good breast as its object, the sex drive has a sexual organ as its object, and so on. Klein (1948) believed that from early infancy children relate to these external objects, both hi fantasy and hi reality. The earliest object relations are with the mother's breast, but" very soon interest develops in the face and hi the hands which attend to his needs and gratify them" (Klein, 1991, p 757). In then active fantasy, infants in-troject, or take hito their psychic structure, these external objects, including their father's penis, then mother's hands and face, and other body parts. Introjected objects are more than internal thoughts about external objects; they are fantasies of internalizing the object in concrete and physical terms. For example, children who have hitrojected their mother believe that she is constantly inside their own body. Klein's notion of internal objects suggests that these objects have a power of their own, comparable to Freud's concept of a superego, which assumes that the father's or mother's conscience is carried within the child.

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Anxiety and Depression 101

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