Intuition involves perception beyond the workings of consciousness. Like sensing, it is based on the perception of absolute elementary facts, ones that provide the raw material for thinking and feeling. Intuiting differs from sensing in that it is more creative, often adding or subtracting elements from conscious sensation.

Extroverted intuitive people are oriented toward facts in the external world. Rather than fully sensing them, however, they merely perceive them subliminally. Because strong sensory sthnuli interfere with intuition, intuitive people suppress many of their sensations and are guided by hunches and guesses contrary to sensory data. An example of an extraverted intuitive type might be inventors who must inhibit distracting sensory data and concentrate on unconscious solutions to objective problems. They may create things that fill a need few other people realized existed.

Introverted intuitive people are guided by unconscious perception of facts that are basically subjective and have little or no resemblance to external reality. Then subjective hituitive perceptions are often remarkably strong and capable of motivating decisions of monumental magnitude, hitroverted hituitive people, such as mystics, prophets, surrealistic artists, or religious fanatics, often appear peculiar to people of other types who have little comprehension of their motives. Actually, Jung (1921/1971) believed that introverted intuitive people may not clearly understand their own motivations, yet they are deeply moved by them. (See Table 4.1 for the eight Jungian types with some possible examples of each. )

The four functions usually appear hi a hierarchy, with one occupying a superior position, another a secondary position, and the other two inferior positions. Most people cultivate only one function, so they characteristically approach a situation relying on the one dominant or superior function. Some people develop two functions, and a few very mature individuals have cultivated tlnee. A person who has


Examples of the Eight Jungian Types

Functions Attitudes


Functions Attitudes




Philosophers, theoretical

Research scientists, accountants,

scientists, some inventors



Subjective movie critics, art

Real estate appraisers, objective


movie critics


Artists, classical musicians

Wine tasters, proofreaders,

popular musicians, house



Prophets, mystics, religious

Some inventors, religious



theoretically achieved self-realization or individuation would have all four functions highly developed.

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