Research at the University of Chicago Counseling Center was built around the basic client-centered hypothesis, which states that all persons have within themselves the capacity, either active or latent, for self-understanding as well as the capacity and tendency to move in the direction of self-actualization and maturity. This tendency will become realized provided the therapist creates the proper psychological atmosphere. More specifically, Rogers (1954) hypothesized that during therapy, clients would assimilate into their self-concepts those feelings and experiences previously denied to awareness. He also predicted that during and after therapy the discrepancy between real self and ideal self would diminish and that the observed behavior of clients would become more socialized, more self-accepting, and more accepting of others. These hypotheses, hi turn, became the foundation for several more specific hypotheses, which were operationally stated and then tested.

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