Defense Mechanisms

Freud first elaborated on the idea of defense mechanisms in 1926 (Freud, 1926/1959a), and his daughter Anna further refined and organized the concept (A. Freud, 1946). Although defense mechanisms are normal and universally used, when carried to an extreme they lead to compulsive, repetitive, and neurotic behavior. Because we must expend psychic energy to establish and maintain defense mechanisms, the more defensive we are, the less psychic energy we have left to satisfy id

Chapter 2 Freud: Psychoanalysis 35

impulses. This, of course, is precisely the egos purpose in establishing defense mechanisms—to avoid dealing directly with sexual and aggressive implosives and to defend itself agamst the anxiety that accompanies them (Freud 1926/1959a).

The prmcipal defense mechanisms identified by Freud include repression, reaction formation, displacement, fixation, regression, projection, introjection, and sublimation.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Micro Expression Master

Micro Expression Master

If You Could Read Everyone Life A Book You Can Have Better Career, Great Relationships And Become Successful. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Reading the smallest and tiniest body Language and know what people are thinking about.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment