Criteria for Self Actualization

What criteria did these and other self-actualizing people possess? First, they were free from psychopathologv. They were neither neurotic nor psychotic nor did they have a tendency toward psychological disturbances. This pomt is an important negative criterion because some neurotic and psychotic individuals have some tilings hi common with self-actualizing people: namely, such characteristics as a heightened sense of reality, mystical experiences, creativity, and detachment from other people. Maslow eliminated from the list of possible self-actualizing people anyone who showed clear signs of psychopathology—excepthig some psychosomatic illnesses.

Second, these self-actualizing people had progressed through the hierarchy of needs and therefore lived above the subsistence level of existence and had no ever-present tlneat to then safety. Also, they experienced love and had a well-rooted sense of self-worth. Because they had their lower level needs satisfied, self-actualizing people were better able to tolerate the frustration of these needs, even hi the face of criticism and scorn. They are capable of loving a wide variety of people but have no obligation to love everyone.

Maslow s third criterion for self-actualization was the embracing of the B-values. His self-actualizing people felt comfortable with and even demanded truth, beauty, justice, simplicity, humor, and each of the other B-values that we discuss latter.

The final criterion for reaching self-actualization was "full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentialities, etc." (Maslow, 1970, p. 150). In other words, his self-actualizing individuals fulfilled their needs to grow; to develop, and to increasingly become what they were capable of becoming.

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Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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