Self-actualizing people are autonomous and depend on themselves for growth even though at some tune in then past they had to have received love and security from others. No one is born autonomous, and therefore no one is completely independent of people. Autonomy can be achieved only through satisfactory relations with others.
However, the confidence that one is loved and accepted without conditions or qualifications can be a powerful force hi contributing to feelings of self-worth. Once that confidence is attained a person no longer depends on others for self-esteem. Self-actualizing people have that confidence and therefore a large measure of autonomy that allows them to be unperturbed by criticism as well as unmoved by flattery. This independence also gives them an hmer peace and serenity not enjoyed by those who live for the approval of others.
Chapter 10 Maslow: Holistic-Dynamic Theory 291
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