United Kingdom National Health Service
The National Health Service (NHS) provides free medical care and services to the citizens of the United Kingdom. NHS is state-funded. In simple words, it is a "government" agency.
The private medical sector in the United Kingdom is relatively small. Scotland and Northern Ireland have a comparable but separate system. All NHS hospital doctors are employees of a health authority or of a hospital trust which contracts to provide services to the health authority. Academic staff at medical schools are given honorary NHS contracts if their posts have a clinical commitment.
Primary medical care in the United Kingdom is provided by general practitioners (GPs), also known as family doctors, who largely work within the NHS.
GPs are considered independent contractors whereby they do not receive salaries but are paid according to a system of fees and allowances as remuneration for expenses. GPs may also undertake work outside the NHS and may provide private services.
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