Eczema Free Forever

Eczema Free Forever Manual

Get Instant Access

1. Berg RW, Buckingham KW, Stewart RL. Etiologic factors in diaper dermatitis: the role of urine. Pediatr Dermatol 1986; 3:102.

2. Buckingham KW, Berg RW. Etiologic factors in diaper dermatitis: the role of feces. Pediatr Dermatol 1986; 3:107.

3. Berg RW. Etiology and pathophysiology of diaper dermatitis. Adv Dermatol 1988; 3:75.

4. Berg RW, Milligan MC, Sarbaugh FC. Association of skin wetness and pH with diaper dermatitis. Pediatr Dermatol 1994; 11:18.

5. Andersen PH et al. Faecal enzymes: in vivo human skin irritation. Contact Dermatitis 1994; 30:152.

6. Grove GL et al. Assessment of skin hydration caused by diapers and incontinence articles. Curr Probl Dermatol 1998; 26:183.

7. Zimmerer RE, Lawson KD, Calvert CJ. The effects of wearing diapers on skin. Pediatr Dermatol 1986; 3:95.

8. Leyden JJ et al. Urinary ammonia and ammonia-producing microorganisms in infants with and without diaper dermatitis. Arch Dermatol 1977; 113:1678.

9. Fluhr JW, Elias PM. Stratum corneum pH: formation and function of the "acid mantle". Exog Dermatol 2002; 1:163.

10. Hachem JP et al. pH directly regulates epidermal permeability barrier homeostasis, and stratum corneum integrity/cohesion. J Invest Dermatol 2003; 121:345.

11. Benjamin L. Clinical correlates with diaper dermatitis. Pediatrician 1987; 14:21.

12. Atherton DJ. A review of the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of irritant diaper dermatitis. Curr Med Res Opin 2004; 20:645.

13. Lund C. Prevention and management of infant skin breakdown. Nurs Clin North Am 1999; 34:907.

14. Wong DL et al. Diapering choices: a critical review of the issues. Pediatr Nurs 1992; 18:41.

15. Odio M, Friedlander SF. Diaper dermatitis and advances in diaper technology. Curr Opin Pediatr 2000; 12:342.

16. Putet G. Effect of Bepanthen ointment in the prevention and treatment of diaper rash on premature and full-term babies. Realites Pediatriques 2001; 63:33.

17. Baldwin S et al. Skin benefits from continuous topical administration of a zinc oxide/petrolatum formulation by a novel disposable diaper. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2001; 15:5.

18. Odio MR et al. Continuous topical administration of a petrolatum formulation by a novel disposable diaper. 1. Effect on skin surface microtopography. Dermatology 2000; 200:232.

19. Odio MR et al. Continuous topical administration of a petrolatum formulation by a novel disposable diaper. 2. Effect on skin condition. Dermatology 2000; 200:238.

20. Davis JA et al. Comparison of disposable diapers with fluff absorbent and fluff plus absorbent polymers: effects on skin hydration, skin pH, and diaper dermatitis. Pediatr Dermatol 1989; 6:102.

21. Campbell RL et al. Effects of diaper types on diaper dermatitis associated with diarrhea and antibiotic use in children in day-care centers. Pediatr Dermatol 1988; 5:83.

22. Campbell RL et al. Clinical studies with disposable diapers containing absorbent gelling materials: evaluation of effects on infant skin condition. J Am Acad Dermatol 1987; 17:978.

23. Campbell RL. Clinical tests with improved disposable diapers. Pediatrician 1987;14:34.

24. Keswick BH, Seymour JL, Milligan MC. Diaper area skin microflora of normal children and children with atopic dermatitis. J Clin Microbiol 1987; 25:216.

25. Paradise JE et al. Vulvovaginitis in premenarcheal girls: clinical features and diagnostic evaluation. Pediatrics 1982; 70:193.

26. Jaquiery A et al. Vulvovaginitis: clinical features, aetiology, and microbiology of the genital tract. Arch Dis Child 1999; 81:64.

27. Fischer G, Rogers M. Vulvar disease in children: a clinical audit of 130 cases. Pediatr Dermatol 2000; 17:1.

28. Fischer G, Margesson LJ. Vulvar itching in prepubertal girls: let's be specific. J Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 48:986.

29. Mazzola BL et al. Behavioral and functional abnormalities linked with recurrent urinary tract infections in girls. J Nephrol 2003; 16:133.

30. Elvik SL. Vaginal discharge in the prepubertal girl. J Pediatr Health Care 1990; 4:181.

31. Song HJ et al. Prevalence and risk factors for enterobiasis among preschool children in a metropolitan city in Korea. Parasitol Res 2003; 91:46.

32. Acosta M et al. Enterobiasis among school children in a rural population from Estado Falcon, Venezuela, and its relation with socioeconomic level. Invest Clin 2002; 43:173.

33. Sung JF et al. Pinworm control and risk factors of pinworm infection among primary-school children in Taiwan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2001; 65:558.

Markin AV, Terekhova TV, Strugova AA. Effects of school environment factors on enterobiasis morbidity among students. Gig Sanit 1997; 5:16. Grebniak NP, Agarkova LD. Sanitary-epidemiological characteristics of preschool institutions. Gig Sanit 2000; 6:46.

Williams TS, Callen JP, Owen LG. Vulvar disorders in the prepubertal female. Pediatr Ann 1986; 15:588.

Herman-Giddens ME, Berson NL. Harmful genital care practices in children. A type of child abuse. JAMA 1989; 261:577.

Hornor G, Ryan-Wenger NA. Aberrant genital practices: an unrecognized form of child sexual abuse. J Pediatr Health Care 1999; 13:12.

Whelan EM. Attitudes toward menstruation. International Committee on Applied Research in Population. Stud Fam Plann 1975; 6:106.

Olesen VL, Woods NF. Culture, society and menstruation. Health Care Women Int 1986; 7:1.

Skidmore M. Menstrual madness: women's health and well-being in urban Burma. Women Health 2002; 35:81.

Wambua LT. African perceptions and myths about menopause. East Afr Med J 1997; 74:645.

Ford CS. A Comparative Study on Human Reproduction, New York, NY: New York University Press, 1945.

Smith OW, Smith GV. A fibrinolytic enzyme in menstruation and late pregnancy toxemia. Science 1945; 102:253.

Zondek B. Does menstrual blood contain a specific toxin? Am J Obstet Gynecol 1953; 65:1065.

Abraham S et al. Menstruation, menstrual protection and menstrual cycle problems. The knowledge, attitudes and practices of young Australian women. Med J Aust 1985; 142:247.

Friedman N. "Invented by a doctor:" a medical and social history of tampons. In: Wolner R, ed. Everything You Must Know About Tampons. New York, NY: Berkley Publishing Group, 1981:33.

Thornton MJ. Use of vaginal tampons for absorption of menstrual discharges. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1943; 46:259.

McCalman I. Menstrual practices of the Amandebele people in the Essexvale area. Cent Afr J Med 1968; 14:111.

Stewart EG, Spencer P. The V Book. A Doctor's Guide to Complete Vulvovaginal Health, New York, NY: Bantam Books, 2002.

Czerwinski BS. Adult feminine hygiene practices. Appl Nurs Res 1996; 9:123. Czerwinski BS. Variation in feminine hygiene practices as a function of age. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2000; 29:625.

Buchta RM. Adolescent tampon usage: incidence and initiation of usage. Adolesc Pediatr Gynecol 1995; 8:17.

Omar HA, Aggarwal S, Perkins KC. Tampon use in young women. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 1998; 11:143.

Emans SJ et al. Hymenal findings in adolescent women: impact of tampon use and consensual sexual activity. J Pediatr 1994; 125:153.

Adams Hillard PJ. Menstruation in young girls: a clinical perspective. Obstet Gynecol 2002; 99:655.

57. Finkelstein JW, von Eye A. Sanitary product use by white, black, and Mexican American women. Public Health Rep 1990; 105:491.

58. Janssen PJCM, Van Veen MP, Speijers GJA. Danish National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM). Health risk assessment for organotin in textiles, Report No. RIVM Report 613350 002, 2000.

59. Reingold AL et al. Toxic shock syndrome surveillance in the United States, 1980 to 1981. Ann Intern Med 1982; 96:875.

60. Hajjeh RA et al. Toxic shock syndrome in the United States: surveillance update, 1979 1996. Emerg Infect Dis 1999; 5:807.

61. Litt IF. Toxic shock syndrome—an adolescent disease. J Adolesc Health Care 1983; 4:270.

62. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reduced incidence of menstrual toxic shock syndrome—United States, 1980 - 1990. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1990; 39:421.

63. Berkley SF et al. The relationship of tampon characteristics to menstrual toxic shock syndrome. JAMA 1987; 258:917.

64. Osterholm MT et al. Toxic shock syndrome: relation to catamenial products, personal health and hygiene, and sexual practices. Ann Intern Med 1982; 96:954.

65. Christensson B, Johansson PJ, Oxelius VA. Imbalanced serum IgG subclass pattern in toxic shock syndrome patients: deficiency of specific IgG1 and IgG4 subclass antibodies to toxic shock syndrome toxin 1. Clin Exp Immunol 1986; 66:443.

66. Schroder E et al. Prevalence of serum antibodies to toxic-shock-syndrome-toxin-1 and to staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B and C in West-Germany. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg 1988; 270:110.

67. Altchek A. Vulvovaginitis, vulvar skin disease, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Pediatr Clin North Am 1981; 28:397.

68. DotzelMM. Medical devices; labeling for menstrual tampon for the "ultra" absorbency, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, HHS, Final rule. Fed Regist 2000; 65:62282.

69. Shuren J. Medical devices; labeling for menstrual tampons; ranges of absorbency, change from "junior" to "light", U.S. Food and Drug Administration, HHS, Final rule. Fed Regist 2004; 69:52170.

70. Barrett KF et al. Tampon-induced vaginal or cervical ulceration. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997; 127:332.

71. Berkeley AS et al. The potential of digitally inserted tampons to induce vaginal lesions. Obstet Gynecol 1985; 66:31.

72. Danielson RW. Vaginal ulcers caused by tampons. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1983; 146:547.

73. Friedrich EG, Jr, Siegesmund KA. Tampon-associated vaginal ulcerations. Obstet Gynecol 1980; 55:149.

74. Friedrich EG, Jr. Tampon effects on vaginal health. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1981; 24:395.

75. Jimerson SD, Becker JD. Vaginal ulcers associated with tampon usage. Obstet Gynecol 1980; 56:97.

76. Weissberg SM, Dodson MG. Recurrent vaginal and cervical ulcers associated with tampon use. JAMA 1983; 250:1430.

Raudrant D et al. Study of the vaginal mucous membrane following tampon utilisation; aspect on colposcopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1989; 31:53. Nordin AJ, Bates RG. Tampon-induced vaginal bleeding presenting as intermenstrual bleeding. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1995; 51:261.

Farage MA et al. Safety evaluation of modern feminine hygiene pads: two decades of use. Female Patient 2004; 29:23.

Eason EL, Feldman P. Contact dermatitis associated with the use of Always sanitary napkins. CMAJ 1996; 154:1173.

Harris NL. Always sanitary napkins: further reports and manufacturer response. CMAJ 1996; 155:1035.

Larsen WG. Sanitary napkin dermatitis due to the perfume. Arch Dermatol 1979; 115:363.

Kanerva L et al. Colophonium in sanitary pads. Contact Dermatitis 2001; 44:59. Rademaker M. Allergic contact dermatitis to a sanitary pad. Australas J Dermatol 2004; 45:234.

Gerberick GF et al. Understanding fragrance allergy using an exposure-based risk assessment approach. Contact Dermatitis 2001; 45:333.

Felter SP et al. Application of the risk assessment paradigm to the induction of allergic contact dermatitis. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2003; 37:1.

Farage MA et al. A modified human repeat insult patch test for extended mucosal tissue exposure. Contact Dermatitis 2003; 49:214.

Farage MA et al. A clinical method for testing the safety of catamenial pads. Gynecol Obstet Invest 1997; 44:260.

Schlager TA et al. Effect of periurethral colonization on the risk of urinary tract infection in healthy girls after their first urinary tract infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1993; 12:988.

Stamey TA. Periurethral or perineal bacteria in urinary tract infections? JAMA 1981; 245:127.

Stapleton A et al. Effect of secretor status on vaginal and rectal colonization with fimbriated Escherichia coli in women with and without recurrent urinary tract infection. J Infect Dis 1995; 171:717.

Scholes D et al. Risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infection in young women. J Infect Dis 2000; 182:1177.

Hooton TM et al. A prospective study of risk factors for symptomatic urinary tract infection in young women. N Engl J Med 1996; 335:468.

Russo TA et al. Chromosomal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of Escherichia coli strains causing recurrent urinary tract infections in young women. J Infect Dis 1995; 172:440.

Stamey TA, Sexton CC. The role of vaginal colonization with enterobacteriaceae in recurrent urinary infections. J Urol 1975; 113:214.

Mulvey MA et al. Bad bugs and beleaguered bladders: interplay between uropatho-genic Escherichia coli and innate host defenses. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2000; 97:8829.

Madersbacher S, Thalhammer F, Marberger M. Pathogenesis and management of recurrent urinary tract infection in women. Curr Opin Urol 2000; 10:29. Funfstuck R et al. Pathogenetic aspects of uncomplicated urinary tract infection: recent advances. Clin Nephrol 1997; 47:13.

99. Mardh PA et al. Facts and myths on recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis—a review on epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, pathogenesis and therapy. Int J STD AIDS 2002; 13:522.

100. Geiger AM, Foxman B. Risk factors for vulvovaginal candidiasis: a case-control study among university students. Epidemiology 1996; 7:182.

101. Foxman B. The epidemiology of vulvovaginal candidiasis: risk factors. Am J Public Health 1990; 80:329.

102. Otero L et al. Vulvovaginal candidiasis in female sex workers. Int J STD AIDS 1998; 9:526-530.

103. Mardh PA, Novikova N, Stukalova E. Colonisation of extragenital sites by Candida in women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis. BJOG 2003; 110:934.

104. Patel DA et al. Risk factors for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis in women receiving maintenance antifungal therapy: results of a prospective cohort study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 190:644.

105. Berg AO et al. Establishing the cause of genitourinary symptoms in women in a family practice. Comparison of clinical examination and comprehensive microbiology. JAMA 1984; 251:620.

106. Eckert LO et al. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: clinical manifestations, risk factors, management algorithm. Obstet Gynecol 1998; 92:757.

107. Hellberg D et al. Sexual behavior of women with repeated episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Eur J Epidemiol 1995; 11:575.

108. Spinillo A et al. Epidemiologic characteristics of women with idiopathic recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. Obstet Gynecol 1993; 81:721.

109. Farage MA et al. Labial and vaginal microbiology: effects of extended panty liner use. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 1997; 5:252.

110. Voss A et al. [Quantitative study of vaginal flora during the menstrual cycle], Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 1993; 53:543.

111. Snow LF. Traditional health beliefs and practices among lower class black Americans. West J Med 1983; 139:820.

112. McMaster J, Cormie K, Pitts M. Menstrual and premenstrual experiences of women in a developing country. Health Care Women Int 1997; 18:533.

113. Drakshayani Devi K, Venkata Ramaiah P. A study on menstrual hygiene among rural adolescent girls. Indian J Med Sci 1994; 48:139.

114. James A. Menstrual hygiene. A study of knowledge and practices. Nurs J India 1997; 88:221.

115. Joseph GA et al. General and reproductive health of adolescent girls in rural south India. Indian Pediatr 1997; 34:242.

116. Hoerster KD, Chrisler JC, Rose JG. Attitudes toward and experience with menstruation in the U.S. and India. Women Health 2003; 38:77.

117. Abioye-Kuteyi EA. Menstrual knowledge and practices amongst secondary school girls in Ile Ife, Nigeria. J R Soc Health 2000; 120:23.

118. Ellis D, Ho MS. Attitudes of Chinese women towards sexuality and birth control. Can Nurse 1982; 78:28.

119. Chang AR, 'Erosion' of the uterine cervix; an anachronism. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 1991; 31:358.

120. Critchlow CW et al. Determinants of cervical ectopia and of cervicitis: age, oral contraception, specific cervical infection, smoking, and douching. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1995; 173:534.

Jacobson DL et al. Histologic development of cervical ectopy: relationship to reproductive hormones. Sex Transm Dis 2000; 27:252.

Zhang ZF et al. Risk factors for cancer of the cervix in a rural Chinese population. Int J Cancer 1989; 43:762.

Wasserheit JN et al. Reproductive tract infections in a family planning population in rural Bangladesh. Stud Fam Plann 1989; 20:69.

Bang RA et al. High prevalence of gynaecological diseases in rural Indian women. Lancet 1:85.

Bhatia JC et al. Levels and determinants of gynecological morbidity in a district of south India. Stud Fam Plann 1997; 28:95.

Wasserheit JN. The significance and scope of reproductive tract infections among Third World women. Suppl Int J Gynecol Obstet 1989; 3:145. Younis N et al. A community study of gynecological and related morbidities in rural Egypt. Stud Fam Plann 1993; 24:175.

Zurayk H et al. Comparing women's reports with medical diagnoses of reproductive morbidity conditions in rural Egypt. Stud Fam Plann 1995; 26:14.

Brooks MH. Beliefs of orthodox Jewish girls about menstruation. Fam Pract 1984;

Siegel SJ. The effect of culture on how women experience menstruation: Jewish women and Mikvah. Women Health 1985; 10:63.

Kridli SA. Health beliefs and practices among Arab women. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2002; 27:178.

Dhami S, Sheikh A. The Muslim family: predicament and promise. West J Med 2000; 173:352.

Moawed S. Indigenous practices of Saudi girls in Riyadh during their menstrual period. East Mediterr Health J 2001; 7:197.

Rajamanoharan S et al. Bacterial vaginosis, ethnicity, and the use of genital cleaning agents: a case control study. Sex Transm Dis 1999; 26:404. Marren P, Wojnarowska F. Dermatitis of the vulva. Semi Dermatol 1996; 15:36. Lee JY, Wang BJ. Contact dermatitis caused by cetrimide in antiseptics. Contact Dermatitis 1995; 33:168.

Marin MG et al. Adverse behavioral and sexual factors in chronic vulvar disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000; 183:34.

Minet A et al. Allergic contact dermatitis from Kathon CG in moist toilet paper. Contact Dermatitis 1989; 21:107.

Feminine hygiene deodorant sprays. Med Lett Drugs Ther 1970; 12:88. Martino JL, Vermund SH. Vaginal douching: evidence for risks or benefits to women's health. Epidemiol Rev 2002; 24:109.

Cottrell BH. Vaginal douching. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2003; 32:12.

Abma JC et al. Fertility, family planning, and women's health: new data from the

1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Vital Health Stat 1997; 23:1.

Myer L et al. Intravaginal practices, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases among South African women. Sex Transm Dis 2004; 31:174.

La Ruche G et al. Vaginal douching: association with lower genital tract infections in

African pregnant women. Sex Transm Dis 1999; 26:191.

Reed BD, Ford K, Wirawan DN. The Bali STD/AIDS study: association between vaginal hygiene practices and STDs among sex workers. Sex Transm Infect 2001; 77:46.

146. Fonck K et al. Sexually transmitted infections and vaginal douching in a population of female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya. Sex Transm Infect 2001; 77:271.

147. Lichtenstein B, Nansel TR. Women's douching practices and related attitudes: findings from four focus groups. Women Health 2000; 31:117.

148. Funkhouser E et al. Douching beliefs and practices among black and white women. J Womens Health Gend Based Med 2002; 11:29.

149. Ness RB et al. Why women douche and why they may or may not stop. Sex Transm Dis 2003; 30:71.

150. Gazmararian JA et al. Why do women douche? Results from a qualitative study. Matern Child Health J 2001; 5:153.

151. Mardh PA et al. Correlation between an early sexual debut, and reproductive health and behavioral factors: a multinational European study. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2000; 5:177.

152. Oh MK et al. Early onset of vaginal douching is associated with false beliefs and high-risk behavior. Sex Transm Dis 2003; 30:689.

153. Pavlova SI, Tao L. In vitro inhibition of commercial douche products against vaginal microflora. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2000; 8:99.

154. Onderdonk AB et al. Quantitative and qualitative effects of douche preparations on vaginal microflora. Obstet Gynecol 1992; 80:333.

155. Monif GR et al. Quantitative and qualitative effects of povidone-iodine liquid and gel on the aerobic and anaerobic flora of the female genital tract. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1980; 137:432.

156. Newton ER et al. Predictors of the vaginal microflora. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001; 184:845.

157. Eschenbach DA et al. Influence of the normal menstrual cycle on vaginal tissue, discharge, and microflora. Clin Infect Dis 2000; 30:901.

158. Schwebke JR, Richey CM, Weiss HL. Correlation of behaviors with microbiological changes in vaginal flora. J Infect Dis 1999; 180:1632.

159. Hawes SE et al. Hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli and acquisition of vaginal infections. J Infect Dis 1996; 174:1058.

160. Gresenguet G et al. HIV infection and vaginal douching in central Africa. Aids 1997; 11:101.

161. Romney SL et al. Effects of beta-carotene and other factors on outcome of cervical dysplasia and human papillomavirus infection. Gynecol Oncol 1997; 65:483.

162. Simpson T et al. Vaginal douching among adolescent and young women: more challenges than progress. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2004; 17:249.

163. Rosenblatt KA et al. Characteristics of women who use perineal powders. Obstet Gynecol 1998; 92:753.

164. Cramer D et al. Genital talc exposure and risk of ovarian cancer. Int J Cancer 1999; 81:351.

165. Mills PK et al. Perineal talc exposure and epithelial ovarian cancer risk in the Central Valley of California. Int J Cancer 2004; 112:458.

166. Huncharek M, Geschwind JF, Kupelnick B. Perineal application of cosmetic talc and risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis of 11,933 subjects from sixteen observational studies. Anticancer Res 2003; 23:1955.

167. Gertig DM et al. Prospective study of talc use and ovarian cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000; 92:249.

168. Weiss NS et al. Ovarian cancer. In: Schoettenfeld D, Fraumeni JF, eds. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996:1040.

169. Mimouni-Bloch A, Metzker A, Mimouni M. Severe folliculitis with keloid scars induced by wax epilation in adolescents. Cutis 1997; 59:41.

170. Goossens A et al. An epidemic of allergic contact dermatitis due to epilating products. Contact Dermatitis 2002; 47:67.

171. de Argila D, Ortiz-Frutos J, Iglesias L. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in depilatory wax. Contact Dermatitis 1996; 34:369.

172. Hampel C et al. Prevalence and natural history of female incontinence. Eur Urol 1997; 32:3.

173. Hannestad YS et al. A community-based epidemiological survey of female urinary incontinence: the Norwegian EPINCONT study. Epidemiology of Incontinence in the County of Nord-Trondelag. J Clin Epidemiol 2000; 53:1150.

174. Temml C et al. Urinary incontinence in both sexes: prevalence rates and impact on quality of life and sexual life. Neurourol Urodyn 2000; 19:259.

175. Iosif CS, Bekassy Z. Prevalence of genito-urinary symptoms in the late menopause. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1984; 63:257.

176. Nathan L. Vulvovaginal disorders in the elderly woman. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1996; 39:933.

177. Shenefelt PD, Fenske NA. Aging and the skin: recognizing and managing common disorders. Geriatrics 1990; 45:57.

178. Jackson RA et al. Urinary incontinence in elderly women: findings from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. Obstet Gynecol 2004; 104:301.

179. Espino DV et al. Prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence in elderly Mexican-American women. J Am Geriatr Soc 2003; 51:1580.

180. Maggi S et al. Prevalence rate of urinary incontinence in community-dwelling elderly individuals: the Veneto study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001; 56:M14.

181. Faria DT, Shwayder T, Krull EA. Perineal skin injury: extrinsic environmental risk factors. Ostomy Wound Manage 1996; 42:28.

182. Fiers SA. Breaking the cycle: the etiology of incontinence dermatitis and evaluating and using skin care products. Ostomy Wound Manage 1996; 42:32.

183. Roskos KV, Guy RH. Assessment of skin barrier function using transepidermal water loss: effect of age. Pharm Res 1989; 6:949.

184. Gray M. Preventing and managing perineal dermatitis: a shared goal for wound and continence care. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2004; 31:S2.

185. Fiers S, Thayer D. Management of intractable incontinence. In: Urinary and Fecal Incontinence: Nursing Management, 2nd ed., Doughty, D. B. Mosby, St Louis, 2000.

186. Lyder CH et al. Structured skin care regimen to prevent perineal dermatitis in the elderly. J ET Nurs 1992; 19:12.

187. Haugen V. Perineal skin care for patients with frequent diarrhea or fecal incontinence. Gastroenterol Nurs 1997; 20:87.

188. Vernon T. Managing excoriation. Nurs Times 2000; 96:12.

189. Berg RW. Etiologic factors in diaper dermatitis: a model for development of improved diapers. Pediatrician 1987; 14:27.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Cure Yeast Infection

How To Cure Yeast Infection

Now if this is what you want, you’ve made a great decision to get and read this book. “How To Cure Yeast Infection” is a practical book that will open your eyes to the facts about yeast infection and educate you on how you can calmly test (diagnose) and treat yeast infection at home.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment