Useful Serological Parameters in Confirmation of SCLC

In the attempt to achieve an initial separation between small-cell types (oat-cell, or round-cell subtype) of lung cancer for systemic therapeutic treatment, a serological analysis of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) values can be helpful to confirm small-cell anaplastic cancers or at least to detect this type as a component of the neoplastic lesion. The values obtained in the investigation of 221 cases are listed in Table 2.

Table 1. Clinical signs characteristic for different subtypes of lung cancer

Signs/clinical diagnosis

Hormone activity/

symptoms

Subtype of lung cancer

Syndrome

Ectopically produced hormone activity and symptoms

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