References

1. Ganguly, A., Henry, D. P., Yune, H. Y., et al.: Diagnosis and localization of pheochromocytoma. Detection by measurement of urinary norepinephrine excretion during sleep, plasma norepinephrine concentration, and computerized axial tomography (CT-scan). Am. J. Med. 67:21-6, 1979.

2. Bravo, E. L.: Pheochromocytoma. Curr. Ther. Endocrinol. & Metab. 6:195-7, 1997.

3. Bravo, E. L.: Pheochromocytoma. Cardiol. Rev. 10:44-50, 2002.

4. Eisenhofer, G., Lenders, J. W., and Pacak, K.: Biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Frontiers Hormone Res. 31:76-106, 2004.

5. Neumann, H. P. and Freiburg-Warsaw-Columbus Pheochromocytoma Study Group: Germline mutations in nonsyndromic pheochromocytoma. N. Engl. J. Med. 346:1459-66, 2002.

6. Kudva, Y. C., Young, W. F., Jr., Thompson, G. B., Grant, C. S., and van Heerden, J. A.: Adrenal inci-dentaloma: An important component of the clinical presentation spectrum of benign sporadic adrenal pheo-chromocytoma. Endocrinologist 9:77-80, 1999.

7. Gimm, O., Koch, C. A., Januszewicz, A., Opocher, G., and Neumann, H. P.: The genetic basis of pheochromocytoma. Frontiers Hormone Res. 31:45-60, 2004.

8. Walther, M. M., Keiser, H. R., and Linehan, W. M.: Pheochromocytoma: Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. World J. Urol. 17:35-9, 1999.

9. Beatty, O. L., Russell, C. F., Kennedy, L., Hadden, D. R., Kennedy, T. L., and Atkinson, A. B.:

Phaeochromocytoma in Northern Ireland: A 21 year review. Euro. J. Surg. 162:695-702, 1996.

10. Lenders, J. W., Pacak, K., Walther, M. M. et al.: Biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma: Which test is best? JAMA 287:1427-34, 2002.

11. Singh, R. J.: Advances in metanephrine testing for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Clin. Lab. Med. 24:85-103, 2004.

12. Sawka, A. M.. Jaeschke, R., Singh, R. J., and Young, W. F., Jr.: A comparison of biochemical tests for pheochromocytoma: Measurement of fractionated plasma metanephrines compared with the combination of 24-hour urinary metanephrines and catecholamines. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 88:553-8, 2003.

13. Lagerstedt, S. A., O'Kane, D. J., and Singh, R. J.: Measurement of plasma free metanephrine and normetanephrine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. Clin. Chem. 50:603-11, 2004.

14. Taylor, R. L. and Singh, R. J.: Validation of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for analysis of urinary conjugated metanephrine and normetanephrine for screening of pheochromocytoma. Clin. Chem. 48:533-9, 2002.

15. Eisenhofer, G., Goldstein, D. S., Walther, M. M., Friberg, P., Lenders, J. W., Keiser, H. R., and Pacak, K.: Biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma: how to distinguish true- from false-positive test results. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 88:2656-66, 2003.

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