Determiners and Quantifying Words

Most determiners (definite article, indefinite, interrogative, deictic words) have two forms, one combining with singular neuter nouns, the other being used in all other cases, e.g. het/de 'the', welk/welke 'which', zulk/zulke 'such', elk/elke 'each', dat/die 'that, those', dit/deze 'this, these'. A notable exception to this rule is the indefinite article, which nowadays has only the invariant singular form een, sometimes also written 'n, pronounced [on]. Possessive words, which were dealt with in the section on pronouns, have generally only one form left too, except for ons/onze 'our', which is an exception in another respect too, as it has no reduced form (see Table 14.4).

Quantifiers such as veel, 'much, many', weinig 'little, few', enig 'some', have two forms: with or without 9 added to the stem. Vele/weinige is always used if preceded by a definite determiner, and sometimes, though not consistently, in other plural noun combinations (e.g. het vele water 'the great amount of water', weinig(e) mensen 'few people'). All other quantifying words have a regular distribution of the two forms. The one without 9 is restricted to indefinite noun phrases with a singular neuter noun (for an exceptional use of al 'all' and heel 'whole' we refer the reader to section 14.4: The nominal group). Some quantifiers also have comparative and superlative forms, though for veel and weinig these happen to be irregular (veel -meer(der) - meest 'much/many - more - most' and weinig - minder - minst 'little/few - less/fewer - least/fewest').

Numerals do not have inflectional forms, with the exception of een 'one'. Ene is used after definite articles and other definite determiners (demonstratives, possessives and genitives). A very specific use is that with proper names, e.g. ene Jan van Aken 'a certain person, named Jan van Aken'.

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