Margaret J Snowling

Up until the 1960s, the study of dyslexia was primarily the domain of medical specialists. Foremost amongst them was Samuel T. Orton, whose insights into the condition that he described as "strephosymbolia" presaged much present thinking. Orton (1925) considered dyslexia to be a brain-based disorder with a hereditary component, with affected family members often reporting associated speech or language difficulties. Orton considered that the problems of dyslexia were amenable to intervention and, together with his colleagues Gillingham and Stillman, he pioneered a highly structured, multisensory approach to the remediation of reading and spelling difficulties that is at the root of most contemporary approaches (Snowling, 1996). As we shall see, although details of Orton's theory were incorrect, his characterization of the problem was broadly similar to that which is held today.

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Adult Dyslexia

Adult Dyslexia

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