Distribution of Workers across Occupations and Industries CPS 19812000

Year

Disabled vs.

nondisabled

Nonwhite vs.

white

Occupation

Industry

Occupation

Industry

1981

0.1251

0.0443

0.1514

0.1063

1982

0.1065

0.0438

0.1648

0.1081

1983

0.1077

0.0602

0.1588

0.0923

1984

0.1089

0.0514

0.1528

0.1029

1985

0.1141

0.0394

0.1590

0.1018

1986

0.1455

0.0630

0.1570

0.0915

1987

0.1340

0.0602

0.1430

0.0770

1988

0.1188

0.0670

0.1492

0.0902

1989

0.1431

0.0472

0.1375

0.0885

1990

0.1351

0.0518

0.1357

0.0871

1991

0.1447

0.0878

0.1323

0.0822

1992

0.1506

0.0475

0.1407

0.0711

1993

0.1442

0.0425

0.1247

0.0838

1994

0.1474

0.0684

0.1173

0.0745

1995

0.1336

0.0425

0.1239

0.0754

1996

0.1340

0.0854

0.1264

0.0724

1997

0.1273

0.0682

0.1210

0.0726

1998

0.1316

0.0782

0.1055

0.0693

1999

0.1467

0.0562

0.1107

0.0805

2000

0.1236

0.0771

0.1082

0.0851

NOTE: The Duncan Index reflects the % of workers in the labor market that would have to switch occupation or industry in order to equalize the distribution of workers in both groups across occupations or industries. The index is calculated as 1 K

D = — ^\aj ~ bj\, where K is the number of occupations (industries), and a and b

2 j=i refer to the proportion of the two different groups of interest in occupation/industry j (e.g., a is the proportion of nondisabled workers in occupation/industry j, and b is the proportion of disabled workers in occupation/industry j). The numbers in bold represent projections replacing the actual calculated index for that year, which was clearly an outlier.

Table C.9 Disabled and Nondisabled Job Separators by Reason for Job Separation (%), CPS, 1981-2000

Nondisabled

Disabled

Voluntary

Involuntary

Other

Voluntary

Involuntary

Other

Year

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

(%)

1981

66.42

19.09

14.50

82.30

8.35

9.36

1982

66.39

19.50

14.11

81.13

11.21

7.66

1983

66.21

20.11

13.68

81.04

10.07

8.89

1984

66.05

19.92

14.03

80.42

10.49

9.09

1985

66.28

18.55

15.16

78.13

11.44

10.43

1986

67.32

18.68

13.99

80.58

9.68

9.74

1987

68.57

17.71

13.72

80.49

10.21

9.30

1988

68.96

17.43

13.61

80.99

9.87

9.14

1989

69.89

24.44

5.67

82.01

12.90

5.09

1990

69.83

24.11

6.06

80.68

14.02

5.30

1991

63.05

30.65

6.30

79.37

14.49

6.14

1992

61.55

32.75

5.70

76.46

18.29

5.25

1993

62.09

31.62

6.30

78.31

16.98

4.71

1994

56.54

36.97

6.49

60.98

33.07

5.94

1995

56.20

36.46

7.34

57.99

31.07

10.95

1996

56.36

35.96

7.68

52.92

36.77

10.31

1997

58.55

33.13

8.32

57.19

33.09

9.71

1998

58.89

33.36

7.75

58.27

29.92

11.81

1999

58.73

32.64

8.63

68.72

26.43

4.85

2000

60.95

30.81

8.24

63.64

27.27

9.09

NOTE: Voluntary separations included the following reasons: personal, family, school; personal/family (includes pregnancy); return to school; health; retirement/old age; and unsatisfactory work arrangements (hours/pay/etc.). Involuntary separations included the following reasons: seasonal job completed, temporary seasonal or intermittent job completed, slack work/business, and temporary nonseasonal job completed. Sample sizes for the years 1994-1998 were considerably smaller than in earlier years due to a change in respondents for job separation questions. Prior to 1994, questions were asked of those who worked in the past five years; after 1994, only those who worked in the past 12 months were asked job separation questions.

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