Home Remedies for Dry Itchy Scalp
In contrast to other fungal pathogens such as C albicans, Malassezia furfur, and Trichosporon beigelii, the dermatophytic fungi appear to be relatively incapable of causing disseminated disease, except for occasional local abscesses or granulomas in severely immunosuppressed patients. Thus, infections with dermatophytes are generally confined to the keratinized stratum corneum and the cutaneous appendages, such as the hair and nails. This phenomenon has been related to presence in the dermis of unsaturated transferrin, which may prevent growth of the organisms in the deeper layers of the skin by competition for iron.
Nits should not be confused with hair debris such as fat plugs or hair casts. Fat plugs are bright white irregularly shaped clumps of fat cells stuck to the hair shaft. Hair casts are long, thin cylinder-shaped segments of dandruff encircling the hair shaft they are easily dislodged.
Seborrheic dermatitis An acute or chronic inflammatory skin disease suspected to be due to a fungus, characterized by dry, moist, or greasy scaling and yellow or brown-gray crusted patches. It is called dandruff when it occurs on the scalp. It tends to involve the scalp but may include parts of the face, ears, genitalia, umbilicus, and even arms or legs. Generalized seborrheic dermatitis requires careful attention and skin hygiene. oils and lotions can make the condition worse. The skin is kept as dry as possible. Topical cortisone or miconazole preparations may be required.
Although resistance to amphotericin B is rare, quantitative and qualitative changes in the cell membrane sterols have been associated with the development of microbiological resistance both in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, resistance to amphotericin B has become an important problem, particularly with certain yeast and mold species, such as Candida lusitaniae, C. krusei, C. glabrata, Aspergillus terreus, Fusarium spp., Malassezia furfur, Pseudallescheria boydii, Scedosporium prolificans, Trichosporon beigelii, and other emerging fungal pathogens.
Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) involves scaly, temporary bad patches with dandruff-like white scales. The hair may be dull, and the infection may affect only one part of the scalp or may spread over the entire head. A severe case may include fever and swollen glands below the hairline.
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