Instant Natural Colic Relief
The King's illness of 1788 is worth a closer look because it has been clearly documented. Its chief features were severe constipation, colic, weakness in the limbs, difficulty in swallowing, sleeplessness, with progressive mental disturbances that started with talkativeness and advanced irritability to delirium and coma. These read like a textbook case of acute lead poisoning. It all began on 11 June 1788 when the King returned to Kew Palace after reviewing the Duke of York's Regiment on Wimbledon Common. Sir George Baker, who by now had been knighted and made the King's Physician, was called in the following day. His Majesty was suffering from colic. For two weeks the King was ill but then he left to take the waters at Cheltenham Spa from 9 July to 11 August. There he regained his health, but the recovery was only temporary. A second attack of colic started on Friday, 17 October, and again Baker was called to attend the King at Windsor Castle. He arrived to find him in great distress...
Arguments were subsequently reinforced by Jerome Nriagu of the National Water Research Institute of Canada. Nriagu, writing in the New England Journal of Medicine (Vol. 308, p. 660, 1983), estimated that a typical aristocrat would be absorbing 250 g day, while ordinary Roman citizens would get around 35 and slaves only 15, most of which would come from wine in the case of the first two groups. Nriagu has even linked the medical complaints and bizarre behaviour of the Roman emperors to their high lead intake. Many of them suffered from gout as a result. Claudius who reigned from 41 to 54 displayed many of the symptoms of lead poisoning, including recurrent attacks of colic. Nriagu expanded on the theory in a scholarly but controversial book, Lead and Lead Poisoning in Antiquity, published in 1983.
One previously unsuspected sufferer of chronic lead poisoning was Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827). We now have proof positive that, at least during the last year of his life he was heavily exposed to the metal and there is every indication that the terrible colic that afflicted him throughout his life was due to lead. Beethoven exhibited the symptoms of chronic lead poisoning and in 1802 he knew something was seriously wrong with his health he was already showing signs of deafness. He wrote a letter to his brothers Johann and Caspar which said that after his death they should do all they could to find out what was the cause of his ill health. Beethoven never sent this letter to them and it was still in his desk when he died 25 years later and it is known as the Heiligenstadt Testament, named after the village on the Danube where the composer lived. Of course the hair in the locket could only show the level of lead to which Beethoven was exposed during the last months of his life, but...
As above, but more severe, plus depression, colic, anaemia, lack of energy. colic it paralyses the intestines, hence the immovable constipation and it affects the muscles and nerve fibres, hence the general feeling of weakness and numbness of the limbs. The most serious effect of all is on the brain where it weakens the walls of the blood vessels so that they leak this causes a pressure of water to build up in the brain, and ALA itself can then permeate the brain. These symptoms may range from mild headaches, depression, and sleeplessness in a mild attack, but become hallucinations, insomnia, fits, blindness, and coma in severe cases. The swelling of the brain, known as lead encephalopathy, is the danger most to be feared in children because it can result in permanent damage.
Lead in the inorganic form, as in lead salts, causes a range of effects depending on the amount. General effects on the gastrointestinal tract lead to pain (colic), constipation, and diarrhoea vomiting can also occur. There are sometimes pains in the joints (gout), and weakness in the arms or legs or hands (hence 'wrist drop') resulting from effects on the nerves. Headache and blindness are sometimes symptoms, as well as mental disturbances which in severe cases can reach insanity. Chronic exposure will cause damage and dysfunction of the kidney, leading to nephritis and possible kidney failure.
The syndrome caused by lead poisoning was known as Saturnine gout (gout can be one of the symptoms of lead poisoning). It is similar in cause and effects to so-called Devonshire colic in eighteenth-century England and Colic Pictonium in late medieval France. These were due to lead dissolved by acids in cider and wine respectively. An English doctor showed that it was the lead used to line the apple presses that was the cause of the colic. More recently, those making and drinking 'moonshine' whisky during Prohibition may have fallen foul of lead poisoning by using
Paxillus syndrome is a food allergy, not a true poisoning. As a consequence, some who eat the mushrooms will not develop symptoms. Symptoms may include colic, vomiting, diarrhea, oliguria or anuria, kidney pain, hemoglobi-nuria, and renal failure. A hemagglutination test has been used for confirmation (Bresinsky and Besl, 1990).
Recognition of the risks associated with white lead were slow in coming, although even in the 1800s occupational lead poisoning was a recognized affliction of those who worked as housepainters, and it was noted that painter's colic was less prevalent among those who worked outside than indoors. Those who worked with white lead were very much at risk, especially young women. The playwright, George Bernard Shaw, even inserted a plea on their behalf in his play Mrs Warren's Profession, in which Mrs Warren questions the benefits of those women who follow a 'respectable' profession as opposed to her own disreputable, but lucrative, business as the madam of a brothel
Barium can stimulate metabolism to the extent that it will cause the heart to beat erratically (known as ventricular fibrillation), and its soluble salts are highly toxic. They paralyse the central nervous system at low doses and the heart at higher doses. The symptoms of barium poisoning are vomiting, colic, diarrhoea, tremors, and paralysis. Barium has occasionally killed patients who were given the wrong barium compound as the barium meal they swallowed prior to having an X-ray taken of their stomach or gut. As it progresses through the body, insoluble barium sulphate is highlighted because it absorbs X-rays whereas the surrounding tissue allows them to pass through. Any abnormal constrictions due to cancerous growths are thereby located.
The Roman architect and engineer Marcus Vitruvius, who lived in the first century ad, observed that labourers in lead smelters always had pale complexions. The Greek physician Hippocrates described a severe attack of colic in a patient who was a lead miner. Neither attributed the cause to lead, and nor did most of the physicians who down the centuries treated patients affected by it, although there were times when a few doctors realized how toxic it could be. One such was Tanquerel des Planches of the Charity Hospital in Paris who wrote a definitive report in 1839 on occupational lead poisoning. While this alerted the medical world to its dangers and led to better diagnosis, it had little effect on the extent to which lead was permeating daily life and poisoning almost everyone. It was to take another 150 years before the threat of lead was finally to be lifted from the world.
The intentional addition of substances to food is not a recent practice, as might be supposed. For centuries salt has been commonly used as a preservative and spices to flavour, and perhaps disguise, poor-quality food. In Ancient Rome sapa was used to sweeten food and wine, and the ancient Greeks also added it to wine. It eventually became associated with adverse effects, such as constipation, tiredness, colic, infertility, and anaemia.
Biliary disease often causes nausea and anorexia. Symptoms may be aggravated by fatty meals, which stimulate cholecystokinin release, which in turn stimulates gallbladder contraction. Abdominal pain, localized to the right upper quadrant, is caused by distension of the gallbladder and bile ducts, and a tender, inflamed gallbladder may be palpable. The pain is typically colicky, or episodic, aggravated by waves of ineffective peristalsis. Pancreatitis and bacterial infection cause severe, persistent pain, which may be accompanied by fever and rigors.
To diagnose shaken baby syndrome, physicians look for bleeding in the retina of the eyes, blood in the brain, or increased head size, indicating buildup of fluid in the tissues of the brain. Damage to the spinal cord and broken ribs from grasping the baby too hard are other signs of shaken baby syndrome. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can reveal injuries in the brain, but are not regularly used because of their expense. A milder form of this syndrome may be missed or misdiagnosed. subtle symptoms which may be the result of shaken baby syndrome are often attributed to mild viral illnesses, feeding dysfunction, or infant colic. These include a history of poor feeding, vomiting, or flulike symptoms with no accompanying fever or diarrhea, lethargy,
Bitter melon Momordica charantia is a member of the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family and a relative of squash, watermelon, muskmelon, and cucumber. It is also known by other names in various parts of the world bitter gourd, balsam pear (United States), fu kwa (China), kerala (India), nigai uri (Japan), and ampalaya (Philippines). In the Amazon region and parts of Asia this plant's leaves and fruit are used as herbal medicines for a variety of purposes, including inducing abortions, treating fevers, infections, and colic and acting as an antidiabetic. Scientists have extracted several active proteins from bitter melon, including MAP-30 and alpha- and beta-momorcharin. Tests have not been conducted on humans with any of these proteins, so claims about usefulness in HIV treatment are questionable. Bitter melon is often sold as an herb or pill at health food stores. People should be particularly careful about using bitter melon if they are hypoglycemic as it is used for diabetes treatment in...
All the above treatments were really external and unlikely to cause lead poisoning in those being treated. Not so the lead medicaments that were to be taken by mouth. Lead acetate mixed with sulphur was prescribed for tuberculosis, and pills of lead acetate and opium were given to cure diarrhoea, which they did. These latter pills contained about 100 mg of lead acetate, which was enough to cause constipation, while the opium deadened the pain of any colic. Lead acetate was sometimes used as a sedative to treat hysteria and convulsive cough.
The adulteration of alcoholic drinks with lead, either deliberately or accidentally, was to bedevil many who drank them in the Middle Ages and later centuries, just as it had in Roman times. Sometimes the amount of lead caused outbreaks of severe lead poisoning which went under various names, often linked to the region where it first appeared, thus there was Picton colic in France in the 1600s, Massachusetts 'dry gripes' in the American colonies in the early 1700s, and Devon colic in southwest England later that century. All involved intense stomach pains, severe constipation, and mental disturbances. While taking the waters may well have worked for mild lead poisoning, it would have been little help for those suffering severe lead poisoning, as occurred in Europe in the Middle Ages. In various outbreaks, the cause was eventually traced to lead-adulterated drinks but the people of each region had to discover the cause for themselves. In Germany, doctors were able to trace colic to the...
Glycerin is a polyalcohol that often is considered a chemical irritant sclerosant. It is classified here with the detergents because it is similar to the detergents in the way it causes cell surface protein denaturation. It is very popular in Europe, used as a 72 chromated solution marketed under the name Scleremo. It has not been approved by the FDA, and its use in this country only recently has become common. Compared to other sclerosants it is a very weak sclerosant (it is approximately V4 the strength of polidocanol at the same concentration and volume) and is principally useful in the sclerosis of small vessels. Its principal advantage is that it rarely causes hyperpigmentation or telangiec-tatic matting, and that it very rarely causes extravasation necrosis. The main problems with glycerin are that it is hard to work with because it is extremely viscous, that it can be quite painful on injection, that the chromate moiety is highly allergenic, and that occasionally it has been...
Those who did the dipping of pots into the glaze were noted for their cadaverous looks and were known to be prone to Picton colic. Despite Acts of Parliament to prevent children from working at such employment, little was done until the 1890s when a vigorous campaign led by Gertrude Tuck-well of the Women's Trade Union League brought the issue into the spotlight. She alerted the public to the dangers of the industry and urged them to buy lead-free glazed pottery and earthenware. The laws passed in the 1890s reduced the number of lead poisoning cases which declined from 573, and 22 deaths, in the five years from 1899 to 1903, to only three cases 50 years later, and one death, in the five years from 1949 to 1953. There were no cases or deaths in the years thereafter. Ultimately her campaign was successful and it led, via various regulations, to an end of lead-glazed pottery under the UK Pottery (Health) Special Regulations 1947 which decreed that as of 7 October 1948 only lead-free...
Everything You Need To Know About Baby Sleeping. Your baby is going to be sleeping a lot. During the first few months, your baby will sleep for most of theday. You may not get any real interaction, or reactions other than sleep and crying.