Concha Bullosa Or Silent Reflux

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acute sinusitis: sinusitis that lasts three months or less adenoid: lump of tissue at the back of the nose that contains cells designed to fight infection; enlarged adenoids can block nasal breathing, particularly in children adenoidectomy: surgery to remove the adenoids allergen: substance that triggers an allergy allergic fungal sinusitis: type of sinusitis caused by a reaction to fungus in the sinuses allergic rhinitis: inflammation of the nasal passages caused by an allergic reaction; may be seasonal or perennial (year-round)

allergy: sensitivity to certain substances in the environment, such as pollens, foods, or microorganisms, that trigger a response by the immune system; may cause nasal congestion, sneezing, and itching; may trigger sinusitis amoxicillin: antibiotic frequently prescribed for sinus infections; a variant of penicillin anaphylaxis: serious allergic reaction involving the onset of hives, swelling of the throat, and difficulty breathing; occurs rarely as a side effect to certain medications and foods; caused by aspirin in people with triad asthma anosmia: loss of the sense of smell antibody: molecule that plays a key role in the immune system's response to foreign substances, including allergens and bacteria aspirin-induced asthma: see triad asthma atypical facial pain: diagnosis given when facial pain has an unknown cause; may be mistaken for sinusitis bromelain: compound present in pineapples that may reduce sinusitis symptoms capsaicin: natural substance found in spicy foods, such as hot chili peppers; may temporarily relieve nasal congestion cephalosporin: class of antibiotic often used to treat sinusitis; an alternative to penicillin variants chronic sinusitis: sinusitis that lasts more than three months cilia: tiny hairs that sweep mucus; cilia that line the interior of the sinuses propel mucus and entrapped debris out of the sinuses and into the nasal cavity computed tomography: see CT scan computer-assisted surgery (CAS): see image-guided surgery concha bullosa: enlarged middle turbinate caused by the development of an air-filled compartment inside; may obstruct the sinuses congeners: natural by-products of the fermentation process that are found in alcoholic beverages; may trigger sinusitis symptoms

CT scan: x-ray technique (using computed tomography) in which a series of cross-sectional images can be used to construct a three-dimensional view of a body structure; also known as CAT scan cyst: closed sac containing fluid; commonly seen in the maxillary sinuses as the result of a blocked mucus-secreting gland cystic fibrosis: hereditary disease characterized by the production of abnormally thick mucus, resulting in chronic respiratory infections and sinusitis deviated septum: nasal septum that is not straight; may cause blocked breathing and sinusitis

Draf 3 procedure: see frontal sinus drillout empty nose syndrome (ENS): condition that results from removal of too much bone and tissue during nasal surgery; may cause excessive nasal dryness endoscope: see nasal endoscope endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS): operation in which a surgeon passes an endoscope and small instruments through the nostrils to visualize and open areas of sinus blockage

ENT doctor: physician specializing in diseases of the ears, nose, and throat; also known as an otolaryngologist eosinophil: type of white blood cell that plays a key role in allergic reactions and sinus inflammation epistaxis: nosebleed

ESS: see endoscopic sinus surgery ethmoid sinuses: pair of sinuses between the eyes, comprising five to ten little chambers on each side

Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD): obstruction of the Eustachian tubes causing a sense of ear blockage or pressure; may lead to impaired hearing; may occur during a sinus infection

Eustachian tubes: passageways connecting the ears to the back of the nose; serve to equalize pressure in the ears

FESS: functional endoscopic sinus surgery; same as endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS)

fibrosis: formation of scar tissue; fibrosis following sinus surgery may lead to reobstruction of the sinuses, requiring revision surgery frontal sinus drillout: surgical procedure in which the bony floor of the frontal sinus is removed to maximize mucus drainage; also known as Draf 3 or Modified Lothrop procedure frontal sinuses: sinuses located within the frontal bone of the forehead fungal ball sinusitis: type of sinusitis caused by fungus that grows into a ball-shaped mass, usually within the maxillary sinuses gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): backward flow of stomach contents into the esophagus resulting from improper functioning of a sphincter at the lower end of the esophagus; may cause symptoms similar to sinusitis gene: segment of DNA that codes for a particular protein; proteins serve as the building blocks of the body and form enzymes that trigger essential chemical reactions at the cellular level gene therapy: insertion of genetic material into cells to replace malfunctioning genes for the treatment of genetic disorders genomics: branch of medicine dealing with mapping all the genes in the body to diagnose and treat genetic causes of disease, including sinusitis

GERD: see gastroesophageal reflux disease granuloma: small, beadlike patch of inflamed cells guaifenesin: active ingredient in medication used to thin mucus homeopathy: treatment of disease by administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in healthy persons produce symptoms similar to those of the disease; an alternative form of therapy to conventional medicine hypertrophy: enlargement or swelling of tissue; in the nose and sinuses, hypertrophy of turbinates and mucous membranes may cause obstruction, triggering sinusitis image-guided surgery: technique in which a computer tracking system and three-dimensional video display enable a surgeon to monitor the precise location of instruments within the nose during sinus surgery; also known as computer-assisted surgery or navigational surgery immotile-cilia syndrome: see primary ciliary dyskinesia

Intermediates: individuals on the Sinusitis Spectrum whose symptoms fall between those of Locals and Systemics invasive fungal sinusitis: rare type of sinusitis in which fungus invades through the sinus walls, destroying underlying bone and blood vessels; occurs in people whose immune systems are impaired irrigation: see nasal irrigation

Kartagener's syndrome: see primary ciliary dyskinesia lamina papyracea: thin bone that separates the ethmoid sinus and the eye socket laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR): backward flow of stomach contents up to the voice box (larynx) and the back of the throat (pharynx); can produce symptoms similar to sinusitis; also known as silent reflux leukotrienes: substances released by white blood cells to fight infection as part of the immune response; cause inflammation of the nasal and sinus tissue

Locals: individuals on the Sinusitis Spectrum whose disease is caused by site-specific physical abnormalities within their nose or sinuses, such as a deviated septum or inflamed tissue limited to the region of the OMC

LPR: see laryngopharyngeal reflux lymphocyte: type of white blood cell that plays a key role in the immune system and its response to infections macrolide: class of antibiotic commonly used for patients with sinusitis who are allergic to penicillin magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): radiological technique that uses a powerful magnet and radio waves to visualize body structures; not used for patients with routine sinus disease because of its inability to visualize bony structures, including the sinus walls maxillary sinuses: sinuses located behind the cheekbones, extending from beneath the eyes to above the upper teeth meatus: opening or passage in the body; the nasal cavity has three meatuses—the inferior, middle, and superior—each located beside its corresponding turbinate microdebrider: thin hollow tube with a rotating blade at one end and a suction device at the other; used during sinus surgery to remove diseased tissue; also known as a microdissector or shaver microdissector: see microdebrider migraine: condition marked by recurrent, severe headaches; may be mistaken for sinus pain

Modified Lothrop procedure: see frontal sinus drillout MRI: see magnetic resonance imaging mucociliary clearance: process in which a blanket of mucus containing bacteria and debris is continuously swept out of a sinus by cilia lining the sinus interior; necessary part of healthy sinus function mucosa: see mucous membrane mucous membrane: thin sheet of tissue rich in glands that secrete mucus; mucous membranes line the nose and sinuses, as well as much of the respiratory and digestive tracts; also known as mucosa mucus: substance produced by mucous membranes inside the nose and sinuses that helps provide moisture and entrap foreign particles nasal cycle: normal phenomenon in which the dominant side for breathing through the nose switches from one side to the other; typically occurs about every six hours nasal endoscope: thin high-resolution telescope used by a physician to examine the interior of the nose; also used for visualization during endoscopic sinus surgery nasal irrigation: practice of washing out excess mucus from the nasal cavity with salt water; also known as nasal lavage or nasal rinsing nasal lavage: see nasal irrigation nasal rinsing: see nasal irrigation nasal septum: approximately three-inch-long partition consisting of bone and cartilage that separates the nose into two roughly equal-sized nasal cavities nasal steroids: potent anti-inflammatory agents that reduce swelling; available in topical form as nasal sprays nasal tape: over-the-counter product designed to widen the nasal valve and improve breathing; also known as nasal strips nasal valve: narrow region of the nasal cavity located in the middle third of the nose; a common area for nasal obstruction to occur neti pot: small cup with a handle on one end and a spout on the other; used for nasal irrigation neuralgia: nerve pain; neuralgia affecting the face may be mistaken for sinusitis neuritis: inflammation of the nerve endings; neuritis affecting the face may be mistaken for sinusitis

OMC: see ostiomeatal complex ostia: openings in a body part; the sinus ostia function as doors through which mucus drains from the sinuses into the nose ostiomeatal complex (OMC): series of narrow channels and openings that serve as a common drainage pathway for the ethmoid, maxillary, and frontal sinuses; obstruction of the ostiomeatal complex is a common cause of sinusitis ostium: singular form of ostia otolaryngologist: physician specializing in diseases of the ears, nose, and throat; synonymous with ENT doctor pansinusitis: sinusitis in which all four pairs of sinuses are infected phlegm: mucus that collects in the throat; may accumulate during a bout of sinusitis polyp: grapelike growth attached by a stalk to the mucous membrane lining the sinuses; commonly seen in patients with chronic inflammation of the sinuses; often occurs in clusters; may grow to obstruct nasal breathing and impair the sense of smell primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD): inherited disorder that prevents cilia from beating properly, causing mucus to build up in the sinuses; also known as immotile-cilia syndrome or Kartagener's syndrome pseudoephedrine: active ingredient in oral decongestants pus: liquid containing white blood cells that forms in response to an infection; often occurs as thick yellow or green drainage during a sinus infection quinolones: powerful class of antibiotic that may be used for persistent sinus infections radiofrequency turbinate reduction: technique used to reduce the size of an enlarged turbinate by delivering a measured amount of heat energy through a specialized needle probe into the turbinate tissue rebound: phenomenon in which symptoms return following cessation of a treatment; often occurs with prolonged use of over-the-counter decongestant nasal sprays for congestion reflux: see gastroesophageal reflux disease and laryngopharyngeal reflux revision surgery: surgery performed as a follow-up to initial surgery rhinitis: inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose rhinosinusitis: inflammation of the nose and sinuses; used synonymously with sinusitis

Samter's triad: see triad asthma sarcoidosis: disease characterized by the formation of small beadlike patches of inflamed cells known as granulomas throughout the body, particularly the lungs; may cause sinusitis septal perforation: hole in the nasal septum; can be caused by septoplasty, nasal trauma, or diseases such as Wegener's granulo-matosis; can lead to excessive crust formation and bleeding septoplasty: surgery to straighten a deviated nasal septum septum: see nasal septum shaver: see microdebrider sick building syndrome: set of symptoms (such as headache, fatigue, eye irritation, breathing difficulties, and sinusitis) that is believed to be caused by indoor pollutants silent reflux: see laryngopharyngeal reflux sinuses: air-filled cavities in the bones of the skull and face; most people have four pairs of sinuses sinusitis: inflammation of the sinuses sinusitis cycle: self-perpetuating chain of events (infection ^ swelling ^ blockage ^ infection) that occurs during sinusitis

Sinusitis Spectrum: concept used to illustrate the wide range of disorders that can present as sinusitis; divides into three general categories—Locals, Intermediates, and Systemics—based upon the cause and severity of disease sinus obliteration: surgical procedure in which a frontal sinus is eliminated by removing all the interior tissue and filling the cavity with fat from the abdomen small-hole technique: sinus surgery that involves making a limited opening into the ethmoid sinuses; also known as minimally invasive surgical technique (MIST)

sphenoid sinuses: sinuses located behind the nose steroids: see nasal steroids

Systemics: individuals on the Sinusitis Spectrum whose disease is caused by a diffuse or generalized disorder often associated with illnesses affecting other areas of their bodies as well, such as asthma triad asthma: a cause of chronic sinusitis characterized by three problems: asthma, aspirin sensitivity, and nasal polyps; also known as Samter's triad or aspirin-induced asthma turbinates: scroll-shaped bones inside the nose covered by mucous membranes that play a key role in conditioning inhaled air before it reaches the lungs; there are three pairs of turbinates: the inferior, middle, and superior turbinectomy: surgical procedure in which a portion of a turbinate bone and/or the surrounding mucous membrane is removed vacuum sinusitis: form of sinusitis in which the interior lining of an obstructed sinus absorbs oxygen, causing negative pressure within the sinus and pain to occur

Wegener's granulomatosis: disease that causes formation of granulomas in the sinuses, lungs, and kidneys; associated tissue damage can cause chronic sinusitis and result in septal perforation

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  • tyyne rehn
    Can concha bullosa cause hollow nose and loss of smell?
    2 years ago
    What causes a concha bullosa to form?
    1 year ago
  • william
    Can I selftreat a concha bullosa?
    7 months ago
  • shannon
    How can i persuade my doctor to remove a concha bullosa?
    3 days ago

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