A fund-raising organization founded in 1996 by the autism society of america, the largest and oldest organization representing people with autism. The ASAF was established to raise and allocate funds for research to address the many unanswered questions about autism.
The ASAF has implemented action on several autism research priorities, such as developing up-to-date statistics; developing a national registry of individuals and families with autism who are willing to participate in research studies; and implementing a system to identify potential donors of autism brain tissue for research purposes and facilitating the donation process. In addition, the foundation contributes money for applied and biomedical research in the causes of and treatment approaches to autism. (For contact information, see Appendix I.)
Aveeno bath A range of moisturizers, cleansers, and bath additives that are formulated from oatmeal, which has been used for centuries for its natural, soothing anti-itching action. All Aveeno products are specially formulated for dry and sensitive skin, and they are particularly effective in helping to relieve the itch associated with many skin conditions such as chicken pox, hives, rashes, psoriasis, poison ivy, and so on. Aveeno products are safe for children and babies.
babesiosis (babesiasis) A rare, sometimes fatal disease caused by a tick-borne virus similar to both lyme disease and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE). Also known as Nantucket fever, it is most often seen in the elderly and those with impaired immune systems. Severe cases have been diagnosed in those who have had their spleen removed.
Most cases of babesiosis have been reported in summer and fall in the northeastern United States, especially Nantucket, Massachusetts; Shelter Island, New York; and nearby islands. However, cases have recently been identified in the upper Midwest, the Pacific Coast states, and Europe. A related species has caused a babesiosis-like illness in Washington and California.
The protozoa causing babesiosis was first identified by Roman bacteriologist Victor Babes, for whom the organism and the disease was named.
Babesiosis is caused by protozoa similar to those that cause malaria (the species Babesia microti); it is passed via the bite of ticks of the species Ixodes dammini. The tick is carried by meadow voles, mice, and deer. The disease can also be transmitted via contaminated blood transfusions.
Babesiosis typically causes mild illness in otherwise healthy people, but it can be overwhelming to those with impaired immune systems. Within one to 12 months after infection, symptoms appear, including fever, fatigue, and hemolytic anemia lasting from several days to several months. A person may also have the disease with no symptoms at all. It is not known if a past infection renders a patient immune.
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