Baby Care Basics
Do the plans offered cover preventive care, well-baby care, vision or dental care Are there deductibles Answers to these questions can help determine the out-of-pocket expenses you may face. Matching your needs and those of your family members will result in the best possible benefits. Cheapest may not always be best. Your goal is high quality health benefits.
Of course, development in general does not begin at birth. Birth is the culmination of 9 months of intense developmental change. During the prenatal period a single fertilized egg cell is transformed into a baby with essentially all the body parts it will ever need, including a brain already possessed of billions of neurons. Although some learning in response to social stimuli does occur prior to birth (e.g., DeCasper & Spence, 1986), it is clear that the transition from the intrauterine environment to the outside world presents the opportunity for massive exposure to social information. The neonate's perceptual and action systems are designed to respond without prior postnatal experience to certain properties of environmental stimulation. Much of this stimulation just happens to be provided by other people in the new baby's world. And even at birth much of the limited range of behavior that the baby produces is well suited to recruiting parental attention. This attention from others...
Fire a blowtorch at my eyes, pour acid down my throat. Strip the tissue from my lungs. Drown me in my own blood. Choke my baby to death in front of me. Show me her struggles as she dies. Cripple my children. Let pain be their daily and only playmate. Spare me nothing. Wreck my health so I can no longer feed my family. Watch us starve. Say it's nothing to do with you. Don't ever say sorry. Poison our water. Cause monsters to be born amongst us. Make us curse God. Stunt our living children's growth. For seventeen years ignore our cries. Teach me that my rage is as useless as my tears. Prove to me beyond all doubt that there is no justice in the world. You are a wealthy American Corporation and I am a gas victim of Bhopal.4
When a new baby is born to an HIV-infected mother, however, an antibody test is almost guaranteed to be positive, since babies have their HIV-infected mother's antibodies for up to 18 months after birth. Uninfected infants will gradually lose their mother's antibodies during this time, whereas infected infants generally remain antibody positive. Instead, a diagnosis can be made in early infancy by using a viral culture (PCR polymerase chain reaction), or a p24 antigen test.
Now stretch your brain around this concept in some cases, your phenotype might not be caused by genetics, but it might be caused by someone else's genotype rather than your own. In the case of Rh incompatability, when the baby has an Rh+ blood type and the mother has an Rh- blood type, the baby can develop anemia after birth as a result of exposure to maternal antibodies directed against the Rh+ proteins in the baby's blood. However, this can only happen after the mother has borne a previous baby with the Rh+ blood type. How many other factors that affect a baby's development before birth are also affected by the maternal genotype We can imagine that a variety of things, including hormone levels that affect whether the baby is delivered prematurely, and other factors affecting things such as nutrition and oxygenation could all affect the traits that will be observed in the new baby that do not depend on the new baby's genotype at all. So in this case the problem has underlying genetic...
Our three orienting questions provide a framework for conceptualizing the treatment (1) In the implicit mode of action-sequences, how does each partner affect the other (2) In the explicit narrative mode, can the parent verbalize the nature of either partner's effect on the other (3) And does the parent's representation of the infant interfere with the ability to perceive the nonverbal action dialogue From the presenting complaints it is clear that parents are aware of some aspect of the infant's behaviors, and particularly ways in which the infant affects the parent, such as, my baby does not smile at me, or my baby does not look at me. But it is harder to observe one's own behaviors which affect the infant. Often various representations of the infant disturb this process further.
Then when my baby was born that was the thunderclap that settled things. I looked at this tiny, mysterious thing and felt so stupid. I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. I felt small and weak and feeble before all this. I'd say that anyone who had a baby couldn't be a be-haviorist. (Maslow, 1968a, p. 56)
Parents and professionals need to know that even though a child might not be able to demonstrate feelings in the usual way, this does not mean that those feelings are not there. That bond will often show up indirectly when a new baby comes along, or the teacher becomes involved with another child. We have many times gotten reports that after a baby was born and the mother became preoccupied with nursing and caring for it, the special child suddenly became very distressed, aggressive, or self-abusive. One mother reported that after the birth of a new baby she couldn't even go to the bathroom or answer the phone without her special child becoming upset and often developing a major tantrum. Another mother, driving a car with her special four-year-old child in the seat next to her (and her new infant in a car seat in the rear), turned to attend to the infant and was suddenly attacked by her special child for no apparent reason.
This trick sees to it that each generation will always have two copies of each gene, and it introduces an amusing bit of randomness to the process. Each sperm or egg that we produce consists of a different combination of genes derived from our own mothers and fathers. However, when we pass genes along to the next generation, some of the genes we pass along are the copy we got from mom, and for other genes we pass along the copy that we got from dad. Thus each new baby is the result of implementing a set of genetic instructions created by two rolls of the genetic dice, one that took place in the father and one that took place in the mother.
If firstborn children are age 3 or older when a baby brother or sister is born, they incorporate this dethronement hito a previously established style of life. If they have already developed a self-centered style of life, they likely will feel hostility and resentment toward the new baby, but if they have formed a cooperathig style, they will eventually adopt this same attitude toward the new sibling. If firstborn children are less than 3 years old, their hostility and resentment will be largely unconscious, which makes these attitudes more resistant to change hi later life.
The first-born child begins life with the full attention of the parents, and this child is often pampered or spoiled. Then, when other children arrive, the eldest must share the parents' attention with the new baby. Only the oldest child has had the full attention of the parents, and so only the first-born feels so acutely the loss of parental, especially maternal, love. Adler (1936 1964, p. 231) described the eldest child as dethroned by the arrival of later children and noted, with some derision toward his former colleague, that even Freud had adopted his phrasing. Often, according to Adler, oldest children do not cope well with dethronement. They are likely to become problem children, neurotics, criminals, drunkards, and perverts (Ansbacher & Ansbacher, 1956, p. 377). Most problem children, he claimed, are first-borns (though research, described below, does not generally confirm this prediction). To compensate for having to share the mother with a new baby, the oldest child may...
Once the libido has passed a developmental stage, it may, during times of stress and anxiety, revert back to that earlier stage. Such a reversion is known as regression (Freud, 1917 1963). Regressions are quite common and are readily visible in children. For example, a completely weaned child may regress to demanding a bottle or nipple when a baby brother or sister is bom. The attention given to the new baby poses a threat to the older child. Regressions are also frequent in older children and hi adults. A common way for adults to react to anxiety-producing situations is to revert to earlier, safer, more secure patterns of behavior and to invest then libido onto more primitive and familiar objects. Under extreme stress one adult may adopt the fetal position, another may return home to mother, and still another may react by remaining all day in bed, well covered from the cold and threatening world. Regressive behavior is similar to fixated behavior hi that it is rigid and infantile....
My First Baby
Are You Prepared For Your First Baby? Endlessly Searching For Advice and Tips On What To Expect? Then You've Landed At The Right Place With All The Answers! Are you expecting? Is the time getting closer to giving birth to your first baby? So many mothers to be are completely unprepared for motherhood and the arrival of a little one, but stress not, we have all the answers you need!