Minisphere. The guiding of a child's behavior around a single event—for example, opening and closing doors, picking up and dropping objects, putting cups on cup hooks, or repetitively slicing clay—is known as a "minisphere."
Integrative sphere. Once various minispheres have been combined by staff and introduced as a connected series, such as climbing stairs in order to go down a slide or washing dirty dishes and placing them in a drying rack, they are referred to as "integrative spheres." Integrative spheres typically include several components.
Multispheres. Normal infants learn at about seven or eight months of age to shift their engagement from what they are doing (e.g., sucking a bottle) to something quite unrelated (waving a rattle) and can then return to the bottle, having kept the bottle's continued existence in mind. Many disordered children lack this vital capacity. Staff teach this capacity by first setting up different minispheres and then interrupting them in a way that enables the child to keep the one just left in mind even while engaged with another. The use ofmultispheres helps disordered children become comfortable with transitions.
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Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.