Children's systems differ from each other in terms of their rigidity, their complexity, and their distance from reality. "System rigidity" refers to how urgent the child's need is to maintain a system unchanged;"system complexity" refers to whether the system is simple—in which case it is designated a minisystem—or more complex—in which case it is referred to as an integrative system. "Distance from reality" refers to the extent to which children substitute symbols for direct physical contact with a person, object, or event. It is also referred to as "vertical functioning," in contrast to "lateral functioning" which is concerned with the "here and now."
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When parents help their children learn to read, they help open the door to a new world. As a parent, you can begin an endless learning chain: You read to your children, they develop a love of stories and poems, they want to read on their own, they practice reading, and finally they read for their own information or pleasure. They become readers, and their world is forever expanded and enriched.