Conclusion Of Varicose Vein

Ambulatory phlebectomy is elegant by its mere simplicity. It is effective and safe with acceptable cosmetic results (see Figure 27.4). AP is a perfect complement to endovenous thermal ablation of the saphenous veins. With this combination, patients can expect all varicose veins to vanish following a one-hour procedure that employed only local anesthesia, in the comfort of a physician's office.


1. Celsus AC. Medicinae Libri Octo, Patavii. Typis Seminarii Apud Joannem Manfre, Liber Septimus. 1749. 473-474.

2. Muller R. Traitement des varices par la phlebectomie ambulatoire, Phlebologie. 1966. 19: 277-279.

3. Goren G, Yellin AE. Surgery for varicose veins: The ambulatory stab avulsion phlebectomy, Am J Surg. 1991. 162: 166-174.

4. Weiss RA, Goldman MP. Transillumination mapping prior to ambulatory phlebectomy, Dermatol Surg. 1998. 24: 447-450.

5. Proebstle TM, Paepcke U, Weisel G, Gass S, Weber L. High ligation and stripping of the long saphenous vein using the tumescent technique for local anaesthesia, Dermatol Surg. 1998. 24: 149-153.

6. Klein JA. The tumescent technique for liposuction surgery, Am J Cosmet Surg. 1987. 4: 263-267.

7. Cohn MS, Seiger E, Goldman S. Ambulatory phlebectomy using the tumescent technique for local anaesthesia, Dermatol Surg. 1995. 21: 315-318.

8. Klein JA. Tumescent technique for local anaesthesia improves safety in large-volume liposuction, Plast Reconstr Surg. 1993. 92: 10851098.

9. Keel D, Goldman MP. Tumescent anaesthesia in ambulatory phlebec-tomy: Addition of epinephrine, Dermatol Surg. 1999. 25: 371-372.

10. Schmid RM, Rosenkranz HS. Antimicrobial activity of local anaesthetics: Lidocaine and procaine, J Infect Dis. 1970. 121: 597.

11. Ricci S. Ambulatory phlebectomy: Principles and evolution of the method, Dermatol Surg. 1998. 24: 459-464.

12. Olivencia JA. Complications of ambulatory phlebectomy: Review of 1,000 consecutive cases, Dermatol Surg. 1997. 23: 51-54.

13. Gauthier Y. Incidents and complications. In: Dortu J, Raymond-Martimbeau P, eds. Ambulatory Phlebectomy/Phlebectomie Ambulatoire. Houston: PRM Editions. 1993. 109-112.

14. Ramelet AA. Complications of ambulatory phlebectomy, Dermatol Surg. 1997. 23: 947-954.

15. Jones L, Braithwaite BD, Selwyn D, Cooke S, Earnshaw JJ. Neovas-cularisation is the principal cause of varicose vein recurrence: Results of a randomized trial of stripping the long saphenous vein, Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 1996. 12(4): 442-445.

16. Winterborn RJ, Foy C, Earnshaw JJ. Causes of varicose vein recurrence: Late results of a randomized controlled trial of stripping the long saphenous vein, J Vasc Surg. 2004. 40(4): 634-639.

17. Dwerryhouse S, Davies B, Harradine K, Earnshaw JJ. Stripping the long saphenous vein reduces the rate of reoperation for recurrent varicose veins: Five-year results of a randomized trial, J Vasc Surg. 1999. 29(4): 589-592.

18. Sarin S, Scurr JH, Coleridge Smith PD. Stripping of the long saphenous vein in the treatment of primary varicose veins, Br J Surg. 1994. 81(10): 1455-1458.

19. Min RJ, Khilnani N, Zimmet SE. Endovenous laser treatment of saphenous vein reflux: Long-term results, J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2003. 14(8): 991-996.

20. Merchant RF, Pichot O, Myers KA. Four-year follow-up on endovas-cular radiofrequency obliteration of great saphenous reflux, Dermatol Surg. 2005. 31(2): 129-134.

21. Labropoulos N, Kang SS, Mansour MA, Giannoukas AD, Buckman J, Baker WH. Primary superficial vein reflux with competent saphenous trunk, Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 1999. 18(3): 201-206.

22. Aremu MA, Mahendran B, Butcher W, Khan Z, Colgan MP, Moore DJ et al. Prospective randomized controlled trial: Conventional versus powered phlebectomy, J Vasc Surg. 2004. 39(1): 88-94.

23. Spitz GA, Braxton JM, Bergan JJ. Outpatient varicose vein surgery with transilluminated powered phlebectomy, Vasc Surg 2000. 34: 547-555.

24. Arumugasamy M, McGreal G, O'Connor A, Kelly C, Bouchier-Hayes D, Leahy A. The technique of transilluminated powered phlebectomy: A novel minimally invasive system for varicose vein surgery, Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2002. 23: 180-182.

25. Scavée V, Theys S, Schoevaerdts J-C. Transilluminated powered mini-phlebectomy: Early clinical experience, Acta Chir Belg. 2001. 101: 247-249.

26. Cheshire N, Elias SM, Keagy B et al. Powered phlebectomy (TriVex) in treatment of varicose veins, Ann Vasc Surg. 2002. 16: 488-494.

27. Scavée V, Lesceu O, Theys S, Jamart J, Louagie Y, Schoevaerdts JC. Hook phlebectomy versus transilluminated powered phlebectomy for varicose vein surgery: Early results, Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2003. 25: 473-475.

28. Fegan WG. Continuous compression technique for injecting varicose veins, Lancet 1963. 20(2): 109-109.

29. De Roos KP, Nieman FH, Neumann HA. Ambulatory phlebectomy versus compression sclerotherapy: Results of a randomized controlled trial, Dermatol Surg. 2003. 29(3): 221-226.

30. Olivencia JA. Ambulatory phlebectomy of the foot; review of 75 patients, Dermatol Surg. 1997. 23: 279-280.

31. Muller R. Traitement des varices du pied par la phlebectomie ambulatoire, Phlebologie. 1990. 43: 317-318.

32. Constancias-Dortu I. Indications therapeutiques de la phlebectomie ambulatoire, Phlebologie. 1987. 40: 853-858.

33. Fante RG, Goldman MP. Removal of periocular veins by scler-otherapy, Ophthalmology. 2001. 108: 433-434.

34. Siniluoto TM, Svendsen PA, Wikholm GM, Fogdestam I, Edstrom S. Percutaneous sclerotherapy of venous malformations of the head and neck using sodium tetradecyl sulphate (sotradecol), Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg. 1997. 31: 145-150.

35. Weiss RA, Ramelet AA. Removal of blue periocular lower eyelid veins by ambulatory phlebectomy, Dermatol Surg. 2002. 28(1): 43-45.

36. Rao RB, Ely SF, Hoffman RS. Deaths related to liposuction, N Engl J Med. 1999. 340: 1471-1475.

37. Hanke CW, Bernstein G, Bullock S. Safety of tumescent liposuction in 15,336 patients, Dermatol Surg. 1995. 21: 459-462.

38. Coldiron B, Fisher AH, Adelman E, Yelverton CB, Balkrishnan R, Feldman MA, Feldman SR. Adverse event reporting: lessons learned from 4 years of Florida office data, Dermatol Surg. 2005. 31(9): 10791093.

39. Coleman W, Hanke C, Lillis P et al. Does the location of the surgery or the specialty of the physician affect malpractice claims in liposuc-tion? Dermatol Surg. 1999. 25: 343-347.

40. Housman TS, Lawrence N, Mellen BG et al. The safety of liposuction: Results of a national survey, Dermatol Surg. 2002. 28: 971-978.

This page intentionally left blank

0 0

Post a comment