Administration by

In the post-WTO era, governments at all levels in China have to change their means of management from the previously administrative one to the current legal one. Law will become more and more important in government management. Administration by law (yi fa xing zheng) becomes a popular slogan used by governments at all level. Law is designed to limit government power, to establish adequate administrative procedures and to formulate the conception of responsible governance. Limit of government...

Central Local Relations at the Second Stage of SARS Management

From early April onward, national leaders, especially Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, realized the increasing danger of mishandling SARS. They acted to mobilize the political machinery (the Party and the administration including public health agencies), social organizations, and the people to fight the disease. The center played up three instruments, injected new (even if temporary) dynamics into central-local relations, and eventually help turn secretive and low-profile SARS handling into open and...

Zheng Yongnian and Lye Liang Fook

The outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and efforts to contain it have posed what is generally regarded as the first major political test to the Hu Jintao-Wen Jiabao leadership since they took over the helm of the party and government. The coronavirus that supposedly originated from the small municipality of Foshan in Guandong Province soon spread uncontrollably to other provinces in China and even abroad. The political fallout from its tenacious spread took the leadership...

Hong Tao Chinas National CDC and the Chlamydia Hypothesis

In November 2002, the first case of a mystery illness occurred in Guangdong province, which caused a severe panic during the Chinese New Year of 2003. On February 11, 2003, the Guangdong Health Bureau held the first press conference on the matter in Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong, disclosing that there had been 305 cases of a mystery aliment with five deaths in the province. According to the health officials, the provincial and national centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)...

SARS in China

The SARS provides a good example to show how different political systems respond and manage a sudden social crisis. This is especially true in the case of China given the country's size and complexity. In their paper, Zheng and Lye provide an in-depth analysis of how SARS spread from China to other parts of the world and how the Chinese government responded to the SARS crisis. Initially, China adopted a rather laid-back and disconcerting approach in coping with SARS. It was initially regarded...

SARS and the Chinese Courts

It is well predicted that the next battlefield on SARS could be the court-room.42 Various and numerous cases will emerge from the SARS event. 39 See Cheng Jie. Prevention and treatment of SARS needs the exercise of power by people's congresses, at accessed on 26 Jul 2003. 40 See Li Yong and Wu Xiaoliang. SARS into the law, http www.iolaw.org.cn feidian shownews.asp id 954, accessed on 26 Jul 2003. 41 John Pomfret. China's slow reaction to fast-moving illness, fearing loss of control, Beijing...

How did the Lack of Information Worsen the SARS Crisis

Mirsky points out Communist China's long obsession with secrecy is one cause of the present SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) crisis.12 The first SARS case took place in Guangdong in November 16, 2002. In the southern Chinese province of Guangdong (where SARS first appeared), the health department received a 'top secret' document from a government health committee on January 27 that contained disturbing information about a new pneumonia-like illness spreading in the region.13 While...

Hong Kong

Statistics Sars Hong Kong

The SARS outbreak could not have come at a worse time for Hong Kong, whose economy was already facing a serious recession with rising unemployment and low growth. As seen from Figure 15, unemployment 17 Unemployment rises, EIU Viewswire, 25 Aug 2003. 18 Unemployment falls to two year lows, EIU Viewswire, 22 oct 2003. 19 Weak inflationary forces, EIU Viewswire, 25 Aug 2003. Figure 13. Official Unemployment in Taiwan, 1996-2003 Most recent data derived from Directorate-General of Budget,...