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Oral Health as a Component of Total Health When people think about the components of good health, they often forget about the importance of good oral health. This oversight is often reflected by health insurance coverage restrictions that exclude oral health care. Oral health is important because the condition of the mouth is often indicative of the condition of the body as a whole. More than 90 percent of systemic diseases have oral manifestations. These diseases include immune deficiency...

Moving Toward a National Health Information Infrastructure

Through the Telecommunications Act of 1993, the nation embarked on an effort to develop a National Information Infrastructure (NII), sometimes called the Information Super Highway (Boufford and Lee, 2001). The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) is the health component of this effort. Whereas some parts of the federal government, such as the Department of Commerce and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have moved ahead quickly on their NII agendas, the areas of...

Role Of Businesses And Industries In Promoting A Healthy Environment

The private and public sectors significantly influence health when their goals are incompatible with conditions that promote healthy behaviors or physical environments. When such goals are in conflict and significant health hazards arise, governmental agencies have a responsibility to act. Over the past 30 years, the U.S. government has passed numerous environmental laws and regulations to protect the health of the public (see Table 6-2). These laws have often been passed in response to...

Social Connectedness and Health

The association between social connectedness and health has received much attention in recent years. Concepts of social connectedness relate to social integration at the broadest level, social networks, social support, and loneliness. Social connectedness may be conceptualized as a societal characteristic related to civic trust and social capital. This area-level experience is discussed in a later section. This section reviews the evidence that the structure of social ties is related to health...

Collection Of Competency Sets Of Public Healthrelated Occupations And Professions

SOURCE Public Health Practice Program Office, CDC (2003). Updated for the Public Health Workforce Development Annual Meeting, January 21-23, 2003, Atlanta, GA Council on Linkages Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals, 2001 21 Competencies for the 21st Century, 1999 Commission, Dec. 1998, Chapter 4 Competencies for Providing Essential Public Health Services, 1997 Core Competency Framework for Entry into the Accounting Profession Functional Competencies Competency Model for the Nen>...

Role of the Federal Government in Assuring Population Health

The federal government acts in six main areas related to population health (1) policy making, (2) financing, (3) public health protection, (4) collecting and disseminating information about U.S. health and health care delivery systems, (5) capacity building for population health, and (6) direct management of services (Boufford and Lee, 2001). For most of its history, the U.S. Supreme Court has granted the federal government broad powers under the Constitution to protect the public's health and...

Communitybased Collaboration

Although this report defines public health as what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy (IOM, 1988 1), in practice, the community's role in health programs has sometimes been that of passive recipient, beneficiary, or research subject, with active work in public health carried out by experts (e.g., governmental public health agencies) using approaches that are frequently unsuccessful in responding to the complex issues and needs of the...

Framework For Collaborative Community Action On Health

Assessing, prioritizing, and planning 5. Improving the population's health 4. Achieving widespread change in behavior and risk factors change 3. Changing community conditions and systems FIGURE 4-1 A framework for collaborative public health action by communities. SOURCES Fawcett et al. (2000b) CDC (2002). Although the five components of this particular framework do not necessarily take place in the sequential fashion shown, the diagram reflects the progression of events that has been...

Population Perspective

For nations to improve the health of their populations, some have cogently argued, they need to move beyond clinical interventions with high-risk groups. This concept was best articulated by Rose (1992), who noted that medical thinking has been largely concerned with the needs of sick individuals. Although this reflects an important mission for medicine and health care, it is a limited one that does little to prevent people from becoming sick in the first place, and it typically has disregarded...

References

AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality). 2002. Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 3rd Edition (2000-2003). Available online at http www.ahrq.gov clinic prevnew.htm. Accessed March 18, 2003. Aldana SG. 2001. Financial impact of health promotion programs a comprehensive review of the literature. American Journal of Health Promotion 15 (5) 296-320. AMA (American Medical Association). July 1999. Rethinking health insurance the AMA's proposal for reforming the private health insurance...