Researchers motive a guide problems with paying researchers to conduct research

Where the goal of a research proposal is not obviously related to immediate improvements in healthcare it could be argued that the guide to its acceptability lies in the motives of the researcher. He may wish to conduct his research from genuine scientific curiosity, or he may have a strong sense that a particular avenue of investigation will ultimately lead to real developments in his field of medicine, or he may have an overriding concern with the welfare of the patients in his discipline and...

Interest theory and choice theory

Rights theories can be further elaborated by dividing them into choice theory and interest theory. Choice theory states that, apart from the right to liberty, we only have rights in so far as someone else has a duty towards us. Hence, Q makes a promise to P, and therefore has a duty to keep that promise. Because of the situation, P possesses a right, namely, the right to release Q from the promise. P's right is the correlative of Q's duty. However, as Waldron points out, I consider that I have...

Lord Scarmans prudent patient test

Lord Scarman, who was one of the judges involved in the Sidaway v Bethlem Royal Hospital Governors (Sidaway, 1985), commented later Even before Sidaway I was troubled - and I remain now very puzzled - as to the ethical and legal implications of the so-called randomised clinical trial, where, ex hypothesi, the doctor does not know, and is 'using', to put it baldly, his patient for the purposes of very worthwhile experimentation As the law stands at the moment, I would have thought that any...

What is the value of research

Those who support the need for research argue that no new treatment should be offered outside the context of a controlled trial, so that the treatment's effectiveness and efficacy can be measured ab initio, not only for the sake of the patient receiving it but also for future patients. This view entails that patients should by custom and practice also be experimental subjects. Few would rather be a guinea pig than the recipient of tried and tested treatment, but the proponents of clinical...

The discovery of penicillin was due to luck and hard work but not planning

Steven Lehrer's book Explorers of the Body (1979) is the source for this story, which begins with the work of Sir Almroth Wright (Sir Almost Right, as his detractors called him). He was the professor of pathology at the Army Medical School at Netley on Southampton Water in 1892. Very soon after his appointment there he produced a typhoid vaccine from killed typhoid bacillae. The vaccine attracted attention and interest because it was badly needed many died from typhoid in England, and soldiers...